ramips: add support for Linksys EA7500 v2
authorDavide Fioravanti <pantanastyle@gmail.com>
Mon, 11 May 2020 23:27:50 +0000 (01:27 +0200)
committerAdrian Schmutzler <freifunk@adrianschmutzler.de>
Sun, 17 May 2020 16:44:28 +0000 (18:44 +0200)
The Linksys EA7500 v2 is advertised as AC1900, but its internal
hardware is AC2600 capable.

Hardware
--------
SoC:   Mediatek MT7621AT (880 MHz, 2 cores 4 threads)
RAM:   256M (Nanya NT5CC128M16IP-DI)
FLASH: 128MB NAND (Macronix MX30LF1G18AC-TI)
ETH:   5x 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet (MT7530)
WIFI:
  - 2.4GHz: 1x MT7615N (4x4:4)
  - 5GHz:   1x MT7615N (4x4:4)
  - 4 antennas: 3 external detachable antennas and 1 internal
USB:
  - 1x USB 3.0
  - 1x USB 2.0
BTN:
  - 1x Reset button
  - 1x WPS button
LEDS:
  - 1x White led (Power)
  - 6x Green leds (link lan1-lan4, link wan, wps)
  - 5x Orange leds (act lan1-lan4, act wan) (working but unmodifiable)

Everything works correctly.

Installation
------------
The “factory” openwrt image can be flashed directly from OEM stock
firmware. After the flash the router will reboot automatically.

However, due to the dual boot system, the first installation could fail
(if you want to know why, read the footnotes).
If the flash succeed and you can reach OpenWrt through the web
interface or ssh, you are done.
Otherwise the router will try to boot 3 times and then will
automatically boot the OEM firmware (don’t turn off the router.
Simply wait and try to reach the router through the web interface
every now and then, it will take few minutes).

After this, you should be back in the OEM firmware.

Now you have to flash the OEM Firmware over itself using the OEM web
interface (I tested it using the FW_EA7500v2_2.0.8.194281_prod.img
downloaded from the Linksys website).

When the router reboots flash the “factory” OpenWrt image and this
time it should work.

After the OpenWrt installation you have to use the sysupgrade image
for future updates.

Restore OEM Firmware
--------------------
After the OpenWrt flash, the OEM firmware is still stored in the
second partition thanks to the dual boot system.
You can switch from OpenWrt to OEM firmware and vice-versa failing
the boot 3 times in a row:
 1) power on the router
 2) wait 15 seconds
 3) power off the router
 4) repeat steps 1-2-3 twice more.
 5) power on the router and you should be in the “other” firmware

If you want to completely remove OpenWrt from your router, switch to
the OEM firmware and then flash OEM firmware from the web interface
as a normal update.
This procedure will overwrite the OpenWrt partition.

Footnotes
---------
The Linksys EA7500-v2 has a dual boot system to avoid bricks.
This system works using 2 pair of partitions:
 1) "kernel" and "rootfs"
 2) "alt_kernel" and "alt_rootfs".
After 3 failed boot attempts, the bootloader tries to boot the other
pair of partitions and so on.

This system is managed by the bootloader, which writes a bootcount in
the s_env partition, and if successfully booted, the system add a
"zero-bootcount" after the previous value.

A system update performed from OEM firmware, writes the firmware on the
other pair of partitions and sets the bootloader to boot the new pair
of partitions editing the “boot_part” variable in the bootloader vars.
Effectively it's a quick and safe system to switch the selected boot
partition.

Another way to switch the boot partition is:
 1) power on the router
 2) wait 15 seconds
 3) power off the router
 4) repeat steps 1-2-3 twice more.
 5) power on the router and you should be in the “other” firmware

In this OpenWrt port, this dual boot system is partially working
because the bootloader sets the right rootfs partition in the cmdline
but unfortunately OpenWrt for ramips platform overwrites the cmdline
so is not possible to detect the right rootfs partition.

Because all of this, I preferred to simply use the first pair of
partitions and set read-only the other pair.

However this solution is not optimal because is not possible to know
without opening the case which is the current booted partition.
Let’s take for example a router booting the OEM firmware from the first
pair of partitions. If we flash the OpenWrt image, it will be written
on the second pair. In this situation the router will bootloop 3 times
and then will automatically come back to the first pair of partitions
containg the OEM firmware.
In this situation, to flash OpenWrt correctly is necessary to switch
the booting partition, flashing again the OEM firmware over itself.
At this point the OEM firmware is on both pair of partitions but the
current booted pair is the second one.
Now, flashing the OpenWrt factory image will write the firmware on
the first pair and then will boot correctly.

If this limitation in the ramips platform about the cmdline will be
fixed, the dual boot system can also be implemented in OpenWrt with
almost no effort.

Signed-off-by: Davide Fioravanti <pantanastyle@gmail.com>
Co-Developed-by: Jackson Lim <jackcolentern@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Jackson Lim <jackcolentern@gmail.com>
package/boot/uboot-envtools/files/ramips
target/linux/ramips/dts/mt7621_linksys_ea7500-v2.dts [new file with mode: 0644]
target/linux/ramips/image/mt7621.mk
target/linux/ramips/mt7621/base-files/etc/board.d/01_leds
target/linux/ramips/mt7621/base-files/etc/board.d/02_network
target/linux/ramips/mt7621/base-files/etc/hotplug.d/ieee80211/10_fix_wifi_mac [new file with mode: 0644]
target/linux/ramips/mt7621/base-files/etc/init.d/bootcount
target/linux/ramips/mt7621/base-files/lib/upgrade/platform.sh

index ade55dd..0c8e203 100644 (file)
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ xiaomi,miwifi-nano|\
 zbtlink,zbt-wg2626)
        ubootenv_add_uci_config "/dev/mtd1" "0x0" "0x1000" "0x10000"
        ;;
+linksys,ea7500-v2|\
 xiaomi,mir3p|\
 xiaomi,mir3g)
        ubootenv_add_uci_config "/dev/mtd1" "0x0" "0x1000" "0x20000"
diff --git a/target/linux/ramips/dts/mt7621_linksys_ea7500-v2.dts b/target/linux/ramips/dts/mt7621_linksys_ea7500-v2.dts
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..ac13bdd
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,207 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later OR MIT
+/dts-v1/;
+
+#include "mt7621.dtsi"
+
+#include <dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h>
+#include <dt-bindings/input/input.h>
+
+/ {
+       compatible = "linksys,ea7500-v2", "mediatek,mt7621-soc";
+       model = "Linksys EA7500 v2";
+
+       aliases {
+               led-boot = &led_power;
+               led-failsafe = &led_power;
+               led-running = &led_power;
+               led-upgrade = &led_power;
+       };
+
+       chosen {
+               bootargs = "console=ttyS0,115200";
+       };
+
+       leds {
+               compatible = "gpio-leds";
+
+               wan_green {
+                       label = "ea7500-v2:green:wan";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 7 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+               };
+
+               lan1_green {
+                       label = "ea7500-v2:green:lan1";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 3 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+               };
+
+               lan2_green {
+                       label = "ea7500-v2:green:lan2";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 18 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+               };
+
+               lan3_green {
+                       label = "ea7500-v2:green:lan3";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 13 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+               };
+
+               lan4_green {
+                       label = "ea7500-v2:green:lan4";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 15 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+               };
+
+               led_power: power {
+                       label = "ea7500-v2:white:power";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 10 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
+               };
+
+               wps {
+                       label = "ea7500-v2:green:wps";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 5 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
+               };
+       };
+
+       keys {
+               compatible = "gpio-keys";
+
+               wps {
+                       label = "wps";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 17 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+                       linux,code = <KEY_WPS_BUTTON>;
+               };
+
+               reset {
+                       label = "reset";
+                       gpios = <&gpio 12 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+                       linux,code = <KEY_RESTART>;
+               };
+       };
+};
+
+&nand {
+       status = "okay";
+
+       partitions {
+               compatible = "fixed-partitions";
+               #address-cells = <1>;
+               #size-cells = <1>;
+
+               partition@0 {
+                       label = "boot";
+                       reg = <0x0 0x80000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+
+               partition@80000 {
+                       label = "u_env";
+                       reg = <0x80000 0x40000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+
+               factory: partition@c0000 {
+                       label = "factory";
+                       reg = <0xc0000 0x40000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+
+               partition@100000 {
+                       label = "s_env";
+                       reg = <0x100000 0x40000>;
+               };
+
+               partition@140000 {
+                       label = "devinfo";
+                       reg = <0x140000 0x40000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+
+               partition@180000 {
+                       label = "kernel";
+                       reg = <0x180000 0x400000>;
+               };
+
+               partition@580000 {
+                       label = "ubi";
+                       reg = <0x580000 0x2400000>;
+               };
+
+               partition@2980000 {
+                       label = "alt_kernel";
+                       reg = <0x2980000 0x400000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+
+               partition@2d80000 {
+                       label = "alt_rootfs";
+                       reg = <0x2d80000 0x2400000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+
+               partition@5180000 {
+                       label = "sysdiag";
+                       reg = <0x5180000 0x100000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+
+               partition@5280000 {
+                       label = "syscfg";
+                       reg = <0x5280000 0x2d00000>;
+                       read-only;
+               };
+       };
+};
+
+&state_default {
+       gpio {
+               groups = "i2c", "uart2", "uart3", "jtag", "wdt";
+               function = "gpio";
+       };
+};
+
+&pcie {
+       status = "okay";
+};
+
+&pcie0 {
+       mt76@0,0 {
+               compatible = "mediatek,mt76";
+               reg = <0x0000 0 0 0 0>;
+               mediatek,mtd-eeprom = <&factory 0x0000>;
+       };
+};
+
+&pcie1 {
+       mt76@0,0 {
+               compatible = "mediatek,mt76";
+               reg = <0x0000 0 0 0 0>;
+               mediatek,mtd-eeprom = <&factory 0x8000>;
+       };
+};
+
+&switch0 {
+       ports {
+               port@0 {
+                       status = "okay";
+                       label = "wan";
+               };
+
+               port@1 {
+                       status = "okay";
+                       label = "lan1";
+               };
+
+               port@2 {
+                       status = "okay";
+                       label = "lan2";
+               };
+
+               port@3 {
+                       status = "okay";
+                       label = "lan3";
+               };
+
+               port@4 {
+                       status = "okay";
+                       label = "lan4";
+               };
+       };
+};
index 343379b..ca2aa4c 100644 (file)
@@ -467,6 +467,24 @@ define Device/lenovo_newifi-d1
 endef
 TARGET_DEVICES += lenovo_newifi-d1
 
+define Device/linksys_ea7500-v2
+  $(Device/uimage-lzma-loader)
+  BLOCKSIZE := 128k
+  PAGESIZE := 2048
+  KERNEL_SIZE := 4096k
+  IMAGE_SIZE := 36864k
+  DEVICE_VENDOR := Linksys
+  DEVICE_MODEL := EA7500
+  DEVICE_VARIANT := v2
+  DEVICE_PACKAGES := kmod-usb3 kmod-mt7615e wpad-basic uboot-envtools
+  UBINIZE_OPTS := -E 5
+  IMAGES := sysupgrade.bin factory.bin
+  IMAGE/sysupgrade.bin := sysupgrade-tar | append-metadata | check-size
+  IMAGE/factory.bin := append-kernel | pad-to $$$$(KERNEL_SIZE) | \
+       append-ubi | check-size | linksys-image type=EA7500v2
+endef
+TARGET_DEVICES += linksys_ea7500-v2
+
 define Device/linksys_re6500
   IMAGE_SIZE := 7872k
   DEVICE_VENDOR := Linksys
index cc114da..e405244 100755 (executable)
@@ -34,6 +34,13 @@ gnubee,gb-pc2)
        ucidef_set_led_netdev "lan1" "lan1" "$boardname:green:lan1" "lan1"
        ucidef_set_led_netdev "lan2" "lan2" "$boardname:green:lan2" "lan2"
        ;;
+linksys,ea7500-v2)
+       ucidef_set_led_netdev "lan1" "lan1 link" "$boardname:green:lan1" "lan1" "link"
+       ucidef_set_led_netdev "lan2" "lan2 link" "$boardname:green:lan2" "lan2" "link"
+       ucidef_set_led_netdev "lan3" "lan3 link" "$boardname:green:lan3" "lan3" "link"
+       ucidef_set_led_netdev "lan4" "lan4 link" "$boardname:green:lan4" "lan4" "link"
+       ucidef_set_led_netdev "wan" "wan link" "$boardname:green:wan" "wan" "link"
+       ;;
 mikrotik,routerboard-m11g)
        ucidef_set_rssimon "wlan0" "200000" "1"
        ucidef_set_led_rssi "rssilow" "RSSILOW" "$boardname:green:rssi0" "wlan0" "1" "100"
index 34be067..7734c02 100755 (executable)
@@ -91,6 +91,11 @@ ramips_setup_macs()
                wan_mac=$(mtd_get_mac_ascii u-boot-env wanaddr)
                label_mac=$wan_mac
                ;;
+       linksys,ea7500-v2)
+               lan_mac=$(mtd_get_mac_ascii devinfo hw_mac_addr)
+               wan_mac=$lan_mac
+               label_mac=$lan_mac
+               ;;
        mikrotik,routerboard-750gr3|\
        mikrotik,routerboard-m11g|\
        mikrotik,routerboard-m33g)
diff --git a/target/linux/ramips/mt7621/base-files/etc/hotplug.d/ieee80211/10_fix_wifi_mac b/target/linux/ramips/mt7621/base-files/etc/hotplug.d/ieee80211/10_fix_wifi_mac
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e050786
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+[ "$ACTION" == "add" ] || exit 0
+
+PHYNBR=${DEVPATH##*/phy}
+
+[ -n $PHYNBR ] || exit 0
+
+. /lib/functions.sh
+. /lib/functions/system.sh
+
+board=$(board_name)
+
+case "$board" in
+       linksys,ea7500-v2)
+               hw_mac_addr=$(mtd_get_mac_ascii devinfo hw_mac_addr)
+               [ "$PHYNBR" = "0" ] && macaddr_add $hw_mac_addr 1 > /sys${DEVPATH}/macaddress
+               [ "$PHYNBR" = "1" ] && macaddr_add $hw_mac_addr 2 > /sys${DEVPATH}/macaddress
+               ;;
+esac
index b4d72ab..e92912b 100755 (executable)
@@ -8,6 +8,9 @@ boot() {
                [ -n "$(fw_printenv bootcount bootchanged 2>/dev/null)" ] &&\
                        echo -e "bootcount\nbootchanged\n" | /usr/sbin/fw_setenv -s -
                ;;
+       linksys,ea7500-v2)
+               mtd resetbc s_env || true
+               ;;
        samknows,whitebox-v8)
                fw_setenv bootcount 0
                ;;
index 864c59c..824c2df 100755 (executable)
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ platform_do_upgrade() {
        asus,rt-ac65p|\
        asus,rt-ac85p|\
        hiwifi,hc5962|\
+       linksys,ea7500-v2|\
        netgear,r6220|\
        netgear,r6260|\
        netgear,r6350|\