restructure; cleanup
[openwrt/svn-archive/archive.git] / obsolete-buildroot / sources / openwrt / tools / trx.c
1 /*
2 * Copyright (C) 2004 Manuel Novoa III <mjn3@codepoet.org>
3 *
4 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
5 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
6 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
7 * (at your option) any later version.
8 *
9 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
12 * General Public License for more details.
13 *
14 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
15 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
16 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
17 */
18
19 /* July 29, 2004
20 *
21 * This is a hacked replacement for the 'trx' utility used to create
22 * wrt54g .trx firmware files. It isn't pretty, but it does the job
23 * for me.
24 *
25 * As an extension, you can specify a larger maximum length for the
26 * .trx file using '-m'. It will be rounded up to be a multiple of 4K.
27 * NOTE: This space will be malloc()'d.
28 *
29 * TODO: Support '-b' option to specify offsets for each file.
30 */
31
32 #include <stdio.h>
33 #include <stdlib.h>
34 #include <stddef.h>
35 #include <stdint.h>
36 #include <string.h>
37 #include <errno.h>
38 #include <unistd.h>
39
40 uint32_t crc32buf(char *buf, size_t len);
41
42 /**********************************************************************/
43 /* from trxhdr.h */
44
45 #define TRX_MAGIC 0x30524448 /* "HDR0" */
46 #define TRX_VERSION 1
47 #define TRX_MAX_LEN 0x3A0000
48 #define TRX_NO_HEADER 1 /* Do not write TRX header */
49
50 struct trx_header {
51 uint32_t magic; /* "HDR0" */
52 uint32_t len; /* Length of file including header */
53 uint32_t crc32; /* 32-bit CRC from flag_version to end of file */
54 uint32_t flag_version; /* 0:15 flags, 16:31 version */
55 uint32_t offsets[3]; /* Offsets of partitions from start of header */
56 };
57
58 /**********************************************************************/
59
60 void usage(void) __attribute__ (( __noreturn__ ));
61
62 void usage(void)
63 {
64 fprintf(stderr, "Usage: trx [-o outfile] [-m maxlen] file [file [file]]\n");
65 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
66 }
67
68 int main(int argc, char **argv)
69 {
70 FILE *out = stdout;
71 FILE *in;
72 char *ofn = NULL;
73 char *buf;
74 char *e;
75 int c, i;
76 size_t n;
77 unsigned long maxlen = TRX_MAX_LEN;
78 struct trx_header *p;
79
80 fprintf(stderr, "mjn3's trx replacement - v0.80\n");
81
82 while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "o:m:")) != -1) {
83 switch (c) {
84 case 'o':
85 ofn = optarg;
86 break;
87 case 'm':
88 errno = 0;
89 maxlen = strtoul(optarg, &e, 0);
90 if (errno || (e == optarg) || *e) {
91 fprintf(stderr, "illegal numeric string\n");
92 usage();
93 }
94 #undef ROUND
95 #define ROUND 0x1000
96 if (maxlen & (ROUND-1)) {
97 maxlen += (ROUND - (maxlen & (ROUND-1)));
98 }
99 if (maxlen < ROUND) {
100 fprintf(stderr, "maxlen too small (or wrapped)\n");
101 usage();
102 }
103 break;
104 default:
105 usage();
106 }
107 }
108
109 if (ofn && !(out = fopen(ofn, "w"))) {
110 fprintf(stderr, "can not open \"%s\" for writing\n", ofn);
111 usage();
112 }
113
114 if (optind == argc) {
115 fprintf(stderr, "we require at least one arg\n");
116 usage();
117 }
118
119 if (argc - optind > 3) {
120 fprintf(stderr, "too many args: %d > 3\n", argc - optind);
121 usage();
122 }
123
124 if (maxlen > TRX_MAX_LEN) {
125 fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: maxlen exceeds default maximum! Beware of overwriting nvram!\n");
126 }
127
128 if (!(buf = malloc(maxlen))) {
129 fprintf(stderr, "malloc failed\n");
130 return EXIT_FAILURE;
131 }
132
133 p = (struct trx_header *) buf;
134
135 p->magic = TRX_MAGIC;
136 p->len = sizeof(struct trx_header);
137 p->flag_version = (TRX_VERSION << 16);
138
139 i = 0;
140
141 while (optind < argc) {
142 p->offsets[i++] = p->len;
143
144 if (!(in = fopen(argv[optind], "r"))) {
145 fprintf(stderr, "can not open \"%s\" for reading\n", argv[optind]);
146 usage();
147 }
148
149 n = fread(buf + p->len, 1, maxlen - p->len, in);
150 if (!feof(in)) {
151 fprintf(stderr, "fread failure or file \"%s\" too large\n",
152 argv[optind]);
153 fclose(in);
154 return EXIT_FAILURE;
155 }
156
157 fclose(in);
158
159 ++optind;
160
161 if (optind < argc) {
162 #undef ROUND
163 #define ROUND 4
164 if (n & (ROUND-1)) {
165 memset(buf + p->len + n, 0, ROUND - (n & (ROUND-1)));
166 n += ROUND - (n & (ROUND-1));
167 }
168 }
169
170 p->len += n;
171 }
172
173 #undef ROUND
174 #define ROUND 0x1000
175 n = p->len & (ROUND-1);
176 if (n) {
177 memset(buf + p->len, 0, ROUND - n);
178 p->len += ROUND - n;
179 }
180
181 p->crc32 = crc32buf((char *) &p->flag_version,
182 p->len - offsetof(struct trx_header, flag_version));
183
184 if (!fwrite(buf, p->len, 1, out) || fflush(out)) {
185 fprintf(stderr, "fwrite failed\n");
186 return EXIT_FAILURE;
187 }
188
189 fclose(out);
190
191 return EXIT_SUCCESS;
192 }
193
194 /**********************************************************************/
195 /* The following was grabbed and tweaked from the old snippets collection
196 * of public domain C code. */
197
198 /**********************************************************************\
199 |* Demonstration program to compute the 32-bit CRC used as the frame *|
200 |* check sequence in ADCCP (ANSI X3.66, also known as FIPS PUB 71 *|
201 |* and FED-STD-1003, the U.S. versions of CCITT's X.25 link-level *|
202 |* protocol). The 32-bit FCS was added via the Federal Register, *|
203 |* 1 June 1982, p.23798. I presume but don't know for certain that *|
204 |* this polynomial is or will be included in CCITT V.41, which *|
205 |* defines the 16-bit CRC (often called CRC-CCITT) polynomial. FIPS *|
206 |* PUB 78 says that the 32-bit FCS reduces otherwise undetected *|
207 |* errors by a factor of 10^-5 over 16-bit FCS. *|
208 \**********************************************************************/
209
210 /* Copyright (C) 1986 Gary S. Brown. You may use this program, or
211 code or tables extracted from it, as desired without restriction.*/
212
213 /* First, the polynomial itself and its table of feedback terms. The */
214 /* polynomial is */
215 /* X^32+X^26+X^23+X^22+X^16+X^12+X^11+X^10+X^8+X^7+X^5+X^4+X^2+X^1+X^0 */
216 /* Note that we take it "backwards" and put the highest-order term in */
217 /* the lowest-order bit. The X^32 term is "implied"; the LSB is the */
218 /* X^31 term, etc. The X^0 term (usually shown as "+1") results in */
219 /* the MSB being 1. */
220
221 /* Note that the usual hardware shift register implementation, which */
222 /* is what we're using (we're merely optimizing it by doing eight-bit */
223 /* chunks at a time) shifts bits into the lowest-order term. In our */
224 /* implementation, that means shifting towards the right. Why do we */
225 /* do it this way? Because the calculated CRC must be transmitted in */
226 /* order from highest-order term to lowest-order term. UARTs transmit */
227 /* characters in order from LSB to MSB. By storing the CRC this way, */
228 /* we hand it to the UART in the order low-byte to high-byte; the UART */
229 /* sends each low-bit to hight-bit; and the result is transmission bit */
230 /* by bit from highest- to lowest-order term without requiring any bit */
231 /* shuffling on our part. Reception works similarly. */
232
233 /* The feedback terms table consists of 256, 32-bit entries. Notes: */
234 /* */
235 /* 1. The table can be generated at runtime if desired; code to do so */
236 /* is shown later. It might not be obvious, but the feedback */
237 /* terms simply represent the results of eight shift/xor opera- */
238 /* tions for all combinations of data and CRC register values. */
239 /* */
240 /* 2. The CRC accumulation logic is the same for all CRC polynomials, */
241 /* be they sixteen or thirty-two bits wide. You simply choose the */
242 /* appropriate table. Alternatively, because the table can be */
243 /* generated at runtime, you can start by generating the table for */
244 /* the polynomial in question and use exactly the same "updcrc", */
245 /* if your application needn't simultaneously handle two CRC */
246 /* polynomials. (Note, however, that XMODEM is strange.) */
247 /* */
248 /* 3. For 16-bit CRCs, the table entries need be only 16 bits wide; */
249 /* of course, 32-bit entries work OK if the high 16 bits are zero. */
250 /* */
251 /* 4. The values must be right-shifted by eight bits by the "updcrc" */
252 /* logic; the shift must be unsigned (bring in zeroes). On some */
253 /* hardware you could probably optimize the shift in assembler by */
254 /* using byte-swap instructions. */
255
256 static const uint32_t crc_32_tab[] = { /* CRC polynomial 0xedb88320 */
257 0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xee0e612c, 0x990951ba, 0x076dc419, 0x706af48f,
258 0xe963a535, 0x9e6495a3, 0x0edb8832, 0x79dcb8a4, 0xe0d5e91e, 0x97d2d988,
259 0x09b64c2b, 0x7eb17cbd, 0xe7b82d07, 0x90bf1d91, 0x1db71064, 0x6ab020f2,
260 0xf3b97148, 0x84be41de, 0x1adad47d, 0x6ddde4eb, 0xf4d4b551, 0x83d385c7,
261 0x136c9856, 0x646ba8c0, 0xfd62f97a, 0x8a65c9ec, 0x14015c4f, 0x63066cd9,
262 0xfa0f3d63, 0x8d080df5, 0x3b6e20c8, 0x4c69105e, 0xd56041e4, 0xa2677172,
263 0x3c03e4d1, 0x4b04d447, 0xd20d85fd, 0xa50ab56b, 0x35b5a8fa, 0x42b2986c,
264 0xdbbbc9d6, 0xacbcf940, 0x32d86ce3, 0x45df5c75, 0xdcd60dcf, 0xabd13d59,
265 0x26d930ac, 0x51de003a, 0xc8d75180, 0xbfd06116, 0x21b4f4b5, 0x56b3c423,
266 0xcfba9599, 0xb8bda50f, 0x2802b89e, 0x5f058808, 0xc60cd9b2, 0xb10be924,
267 0x2f6f7c87, 0x58684c11, 0xc1611dab, 0xb6662d3d, 0x76dc4190, 0x01db7106,
268 0x98d220bc, 0xefd5102a, 0x71b18589, 0x06b6b51f, 0x9fbfe4a5, 0xe8b8d433,
269 0x7807c9a2, 0x0f00f934, 0x9609a88e, 0xe10e9818, 0x7f6a0dbb, 0x086d3d2d,
270 0x91646c97, 0xe6635c01, 0x6b6b51f4, 0x1c6c6162, 0x856530d8, 0xf262004e,
271 0x6c0695ed, 0x1b01a57b, 0x8208f4c1, 0xf50fc457, 0x65b0d9c6, 0x12b7e950,
272 0x8bbeb8ea, 0xfcb9887c, 0x62dd1ddf, 0x15da2d49, 0x8cd37cf3, 0xfbd44c65,
273 0x4db26158, 0x3ab551ce, 0xa3bc0074, 0xd4bb30e2, 0x4adfa541, 0x3dd895d7,
274 0xa4d1c46d, 0xd3d6f4fb, 0x4369e96a, 0x346ed9fc, 0xad678846, 0xda60b8d0,
275 0x44042d73, 0x33031de5, 0xaa0a4c5f, 0xdd0d7cc9, 0x5005713c, 0x270241aa,
276 0xbe0b1010, 0xc90c2086, 0x5768b525, 0x206f85b3, 0xb966d409, 0xce61e49f,
277 0x5edef90e, 0x29d9c998, 0xb0d09822, 0xc7d7a8b4, 0x59b33d17, 0x2eb40d81,
278 0xb7bd5c3b, 0xc0ba6cad, 0xedb88320, 0x9abfb3b6, 0x03b6e20c, 0x74b1d29a,
279 0xead54739, 0x9dd277af, 0x04db2615, 0x73dc1683, 0xe3630b12, 0x94643b84,
280 0x0d6d6a3e, 0x7a6a5aa8, 0xe40ecf0b, 0x9309ff9d, 0x0a00ae27, 0x7d079eb1,
281 0xf00f9344, 0x8708a3d2, 0x1e01f268, 0x6906c2fe, 0xf762575d, 0x806567cb,
282 0x196c3671, 0x6e6b06e7, 0xfed41b76, 0x89d32be0, 0x10da7a5a, 0x67dd4acc,
283 0xf9b9df6f, 0x8ebeeff9, 0x17b7be43, 0x60b08ed5, 0xd6d6a3e8, 0xa1d1937e,
284 0x38d8c2c4, 0x4fdff252, 0xd1bb67f1, 0xa6bc5767, 0x3fb506dd, 0x48b2364b,
285 0xd80d2bda, 0xaf0a1b4c, 0x36034af6, 0x41047a60, 0xdf60efc3, 0xa867df55,
286 0x316e8eef, 0x4669be79, 0xcb61b38c, 0xbc66831a, 0x256fd2a0, 0x5268e236,
287 0xcc0c7795, 0xbb0b4703, 0x220216b9, 0x5505262f, 0xc5ba3bbe, 0xb2bd0b28,
288 0x2bb45a92, 0x5cb36a04, 0xc2d7ffa7, 0xb5d0cf31, 0x2cd99e8b, 0x5bdeae1d,
289 0x9b64c2b0, 0xec63f226, 0x756aa39c, 0x026d930a, 0x9c0906a9, 0xeb0e363f,
290 0x72076785, 0x05005713, 0x95bf4a82, 0xe2b87a14, 0x7bb12bae, 0x0cb61b38,
291 0x92d28e9b, 0xe5d5be0d, 0x7cdcefb7, 0x0bdbdf21, 0x86d3d2d4, 0xf1d4e242,
292 0x68ddb3f8, 0x1fda836e, 0x81be16cd, 0xf6b9265b, 0x6fb077e1, 0x18b74777,
293 0x88085ae6, 0xff0f6a70, 0x66063bca, 0x11010b5c, 0x8f659eff, 0xf862ae69,
294 0x616bffd3, 0x166ccf45, 0xa00ae278, 0xd70dd2ee, 0x4e048354, 0x3903b3c2,
295 0xa7672661, 0xd06016f7, 0x4969474d, 0x3e6e77db, 0xaed16a4a, 0xd9d65adc,
296 0x40df0b66, 0x37d83bf0, 0xa9bcae53, 0xdebb9ec5, 0x47b2cf7f, 0x30b5ffe9,
297 0xbdbdf21c, 0xcabac28a, 0x53b39330, 0x24b4a3a6, 0xbad03605, 0xcdd70693,
298 0x54de5729, 0x23d967bf, 0xb3667a2e, 0xc4614ab8, 0x5d681b02, 0x2a6f2b94,
299 0xb40bbe37, 0xc30c8ea1, 0x5a05df1b, 0x2d02ef8d
300 };
301
302 #define UPDC32(octet,crc) (crc_32_tab[((crc) ^ (octet)) & 0xff] ^ ((crc) >> 8))
303
304 uint32_t crc32buf(char *buf, size_t len)
305 {
306 uint32_t crc;
307
308 crc = 0xFFFFFFFF;
309
310 for ( ; len; --len, ++buf)
311 {
312 crc = UPDC32(*buf, crc);
313 }
314
315 return crc;
316 }