ar71xx: TL-WA7210n v2 support
[openwrt/svn-archive/archive.git] / tools / firmware-utils / src / mktplinkfw.c
1 /*
2 * Copyright (C) 2009 Gabor Juhos <juhosg@openwrt.org>
3 *
4 * This tool was based on:
5 * TP-Link WR941 V2 firmware checksum fixing tool.
6 * Copyright (C) 2008,2009 Wang Jian <lark@linux.net.cn>
7 *
8 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
9 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
10 * by the Free Software Foundation.
11 *
12 */
13
14 #include <stdio.h>
15 #include <stdlib.h>
16 #include <stdint.h>
17 #include <string.h>
18 #include <unistd.h> /* for unlink() */
19 #include <libgen.h>
20 #include <getopt.h> /* for getopt() */
21 #include <stdarg.h>
22 #include <errno.h>
23 #include <sys/stat.h>
24
25 #include <arpa/inet.h>
26 #include <netinet/in.h>
27
28 #include "md5.h"
29
30 #define ALIGN(x,a) ({ typeof(a) __a = (a); (((x) + __a - 1) & ~(__a - 1)); })
31
32 #define HEADER_VERSION_V1 0x01000000
33 #define HWID_GL_INET_V1 0x08000001
34 #define HWID_GS_OOLITE_V1 0x3C000101
35 #define HWID_TL_MR10U_V1 0x00100101
36 #define HWID_TL_MR13U_V1 0x00130101
37 #define HWID_TL_MR3020_V1 0x30200001
38 #define HWID_TL_MR3220_V1 0x32200001
39 #define HWID_TL_MR3220_V2 0x32200002
40 #define HWID_TL_MR3420_V1 0x34200001
41 #define HWID_TL_MR3420_V2 0x34200002
42 #define HWID_TL_WA701N_V1 0x07010001
43 #define HWID_TL_WA701N_V2 0x07010002
44 #define HWID_TL_WA7210N_V2 0x72100002
45 #define HWID_TL_WA7510N_V1 0x75100001
46 #define HWID_TL_WA801ND_V1 0x08010001
47 #define HWID_TL_WA830RE_V1 0x08300010
48 #define HWID_TL_WA830RE_V2 0x08300002
49 #define HWID_TL_WA801ND_V2 0x08010002
50 #define HWID_TL_WA901ND_V1 0x09010001
51 #define HWID_TL_WA901ND_V2 0x09010002
52 #define HWID_TL_WDR4300_V1_IL 0x43008001
53 #define HWID_TL_WDR4900_V1 0x49000001
54 #define HWID_TL_WR703N_V1 0x07030101
55 #define HWID_TL_WR720N_V3 0x07200103
56 #define HWID_TL_WR741ND_V1 0x07410001
57 #define HWID_TL_WR741ND_V4 0x07410004
58 #define HWID_TL_WR740N_V1 0x07400001
59 #define HWID_TL_WR740N_V3 0x07400003
60 #define HWID_TL_WR743ND_V1 0x07430001
61 #define HWID_TL_WR743ND_V2 0x07430002
62 #define HWID_TL_WR841N_V1_5 0x08410002
63 #define HWID_TL_WR841ND_V3 0x08410003
64 #define HWID_TL_WR841ND_V5 0x08410005
65 #define HWID_TL_WR841ND_V7 0x08410007
66 #define HWID_TL_WR941ND_V2 0x09410002
67 #define HWID_TL_WR941ND_V4 0x09410004
68 #define HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V1 0x10430001
69 #define HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V2 0x10430002
70 #define HWID_TL_WR1041N_V2 0x10410002
71 #define HWID_TL_WR2543N_V1 0x25430001
72
73 #define MD5SUM_LEN 16
74
75 struct file_info {
76 char *file_name; /* name of the file */
77 uint32_t file_size; /* length of the file */
78 };
79
80 struct fw_header {
81 uint32_t version; /* header version */
82 char vendor_name[24];
83 char fw_version[36];
84 uint32_t hw_id; /* hardware id */
85 uint32_t hw_rev; /* hardware revision */
86 uint32_t unk1;
87 uint8_t md5sum1[MD5SUM_LEN];
88 uint32_t unk2;
89 uint8_t md5sum2[MD5SUM_LEN];
90 uint32_t unk3;
91 uint32_t kernel_la; /* kernel load address */
92 uint32_t kernel_ep; /* kernel entry point */
93 uint32_t fw_length; /* total length of the firmware */
94 uint32_t kernel_ofs; /* kernel data offset */
95 uint32_t kernel_len; /* kernel data length */
96 uint32_t rootfs_ofs; /* rootfs data offset */
97 uint32_t rootfs_len; /* rootfs data length */
98 uint32_t boot_ofs; /* bootloader data offset */
99 uint32_t boot_len; /* bootloader data length */
100 uint16_t ver_hi;
101 uint16_t ver_mid;
102 uint16_t ver_lo;
103 uint8_t pad[354];
104 } __attribute__ ((packed));
105
106 struct flash_layout {
107 char *id;
108 uint32_t fw_max_len;
109 uint32_t kernel_la;
110 uint32_t kernel_ep;
111 uint32_t rootfs_ofs;
112 };
113
114 struct board_info {
115 char *id;
116 uint32_t hw_id;
117 uint32_t hw_rev;
118 char *layout_id;
119 };
120
121 /*
122 * Globals
123 */
124 static char *ofname;
125 static char *progname;
126 static char *vendor = "TP-LINK Technologies";
127 static char *version = "ver. 1.0";
128 static char *fw_ver = "0.0.0";
129
130 static char *board_id;
131 static struct board_info *board;
132 static char *layout_id;
133 static struct flash_layout *layout;
134 static char *opt_hw_id;
135 static uint32_t hw_id;
136 static char *opt_hw_rev;
137 static uint32_t hw_rev;
138 static int fw_ver_lo;
139 static int fw_ver_mid;
140 static int fw_ver_hi;
141 static struct file_info kernel_info;
142 static uint32_t kernel_la = 0;
143 static uint32_t kernel_ep = 0;
144 static uint32_t kernel_len = 0;
145 static struct file_info rootfs_info;
146 static uint32_t rootfs_ofs = 0;
147 static uint32_t rootfs_align;
148 static struct file_info boot_info;
149 static int combined;
150 static int strip_padding;
151 static int add_jffs2_eof;
152 static unsigned char jffs2_eof_mark[4] = {0xde, 0xad, 0xc0, 0xde};
153 static uint32_t fw_max_len;
154 static uint32_t reserved_space;
155
156 static struct file_info inspect_info;
157 static int extract = 0;
158
159 char md5salt_normal[MD5SUM_LEN] = {
160 0xdc, 0xd7, 0x3a, 0xa5, 0xc3, 0x95, 0x98, 0xfb,
161 0xdd, 0xf9, 0xe7, 0xf4, 0x0e, 0xae, 0x47, 0x38,
162 };
163
164 char md5salt_boot[MD5SUM_LEN] = {
165 0x8c, 0xef, 0x33, 0x5b, 0xd5, 0xc5, 0xce, 0xfa,
166 0xa7, 0x9c, 0x28, 0xda, 0xb2, 0xe9, 0x0f, 0x42,
167 };
168
169 static struct flash_layout layouts[] = {
170 {
171 .id = "4M",
172 .fw_max_len = 0x3c0000,
173 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
174 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
175 .rootfs_ofs = 0x140000,
176 }, {
177 .id = "4Mlzma",
178 .fw_max_len = 0x3c0000,
179 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
180 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
181 .rootfs_ofs = 0x100000,
182 }, {
183 .id = "8M",
184 .fw_max_len = 0x7c0000,
185 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
186 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
187 .rootfs_ofs = 0x140000,
188 }, {
189 .id = "8Mlzma",
190 .fw_max_len = 0x7c0000,
191 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
192 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
193 .rootfs_ofs = 0x100000,
194 }, {
195 .id = "16M",
196 .fw_max_len = 0xf80000,
197 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
198 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
199 .rootfs_ofs = 0x140000,
200 }, {
201 .id = "16Mlzma",
202 .fw_max_len = 0xf80000,
203 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
204 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
205 .rootfs_ofs = 0x100000,
206 }, {
207 .id = "16Mppc",
208 .fw_max_len = 0xf80000,
209 .kernel_la = 0x00000000,
210 .kernel_ep = 0xc0000000,
211 .rootfs_ofs = 0x2a0000,
212 }, {
213 /* terminating entry */
214 }
215 };
216
217 static struct board_info boards[] = {
218 {
219 .id = "TL-MR10Uv1",
220 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR10U_V1,
221 .hw_rev = 1,
222 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
223 }, {
224 .id = "TL-MR13Uv1",
225 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR13U_V1,
226 .hw_rev = 1,
227 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
228 }, {
229 .id = "TL-MR3020v1",
230 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3020_V1,
231 .hw_rev = 1,
232 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
233 }, {
234 .id = "TL-MR3220v1",
235 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3220_V1,
236 .hw_rev = 1,
237 .layout_id = "4M",
238 }, {
239 .id = "TL-MR3220v2",
240 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3220_V2,
241 .hw_rev = 1,
242 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
243 }, {
244 .id = "TL-MR3420v1",
245 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3420_V1,
246 .hw_rev = 1,
247 .layout_id = "4M",
248 }, {
249 .id = "TL-MR3420v2",
250 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3420_V2,
251 .hw_rev = 1,
252 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
253 }, {
254 .id = "TL-WA701Nv1",
255 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA701N_V1,
256 .hw_rev = 1,
257 .layout_id = "4M",
258 }, {
259 .id = "TL-WA701Nv2",
260 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA701N_V2,
261 .hw_rev = 1,
262 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
263 }, {
264 .id = "TL-WA7210N",
265 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA7210N_V2,
266 .hw_rev = 2,
267 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
268 }, {
269 .id = "TL-WA7510N",
270 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA7510N_V1,
271 .hw_rev = 1,
272 .layout_id = "4M",
273 }, {
274 .id = "TL-WA801NDv1",
275 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA801ND_V1,
276 .hw_rev = 1,
277 .layout_id = "4M",
278 }, {
279 .id = "TL-WA830REv1",
280 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA830RE_V1,
281 .hw_rev = 1,
282 .layout_id = "4M",
283 }, {
284 .id = "TL-WA830REv2",
285 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA830RE_V2,
286 .hw_rev = 1,
287 .layout_id = "4M",
288 }, {
289 .id = "TL-WA801NDv2",
290 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA801ND_V2,
291 .hw_rev = 1,
292 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
293 }, {
294 .id = "TL-WA901NDv1",
295 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA901ND_V1,
296 .hw_rev = 1,
297 .layout_id = "4M",
298 }, {
299 .id = "TL-WA901NDv2",
300 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA901ND_V2,
301 .hw_rev = 1,
302 .layout_id = "4M",
303 }, {
304 .id = "TL-WDR4300v1",
305 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WDR4300_V1_IL,
306 .hw_rev = 1,
307 .layout_id = "8Mlzma",
308 }, {
309 .id = "TL-WDR4900v1",
310 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WDR4900_V1,
311 .hw_rev = 1,
312 .layout_id = "16Mppc",
313 }, {
314 .id = "TL-WR741NDv1",
315 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR741ND_V1,
316 .hw_rev = 1,
317 .layout_id = "4M",
318 }, {
319 .id = "TL-WR741NDv4",
320 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR741ND_V4,
321 .hw_rev = 1,
322 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
323 }, {
324 .id = "TL-WR740Nv1",
325 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR740N_V1,
326 .hw_rev = 1,
327 .layout_id = "4M",
328 }, {
329 .id = "TL-WR740Nv3",
330 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR740N_V3,
331 .hw_rev = 1,
332 .layout_id = "4M",
333 }, {
334 .id = "TL-WR743NDv1",
335 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR743ND_V1,
336 .hw_rev = 1,
337 .layout_id = "4M",
338 }, {
339 .id = "TL-WR743NDv2",
340 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR743ND_V2,
341 .hw_rev = 1,
342 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
343 }, {
344 .id = "TL-WR841Nv1.5",
345 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841N_V1_5,
346 .hw_rev = 2,
347 .layout_id = "4M",
348 }, {
349 .id = "TL-WR841NDv3",
350 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841ND_V3,
351 .hw_rev = 3,
352 .layout_id = "4M",
353 }, {
354 .id = "TL-WR841NDv5",
355 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841ND_V5,
356 .hw_rev = 1,
357 .layout_id = "4M",
358 }, {
359 .id = "TL-WR841NDv7",
360 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841ND_V7,
361 .hw_rev = 1,
362 .layout_id = "4M",
363 }, {
364 .id = "TL-WR941NDv2",
365 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR941ND_V2,
366 .hw_rev = 2,
367 .layout_id = "4M",
368 }, {
369 .id = "TL-WR941NDv4",
370 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR941ND_V4,
371 .hw_rev = 1,
372 .layout_id = "4M",
373 }, {
374 .id = "TL-WR1041Nv2",
375 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR1041N_V2,
376 .hw_rev = 1,
377 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
378 }, {
379 .id = "TL-WR1043NDv1",
380 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V1,
381 .hw_rev = 1,
382 .layout_id = "8M",
383 }, {
384 .id = "TL-WR1043NDv2",
385 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V2,
386 .hw_rev = 1,
387 .layout_id = "8Mlzma",
388 }, {
389 .id = "TL-WR2543Nv1",
390 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR2543N_V1,
391 .hw_rev = 1,
392 .layout_id = "8Mlzma",
393 }, {
394 .id = "TL-WR703Nv1",
395 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR703N_V1,
396 .hw_rev = 1,
397 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
398 }, {
399 .id = "TL-WR720Nv3",
400 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR720N_V3,
401 .hw_rev = 1,
402 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
403 }, {
404 .id = "GL-INETv1",
405 .hw_id = HWID_GL_INET_V1,
406 .hw_rev = 1,
407 .layout_id = "8Mlzma",
408 }, {
409 .id = "GS-OOLITEv1",
410 .hw_id = HWID_GS_OOLITE_V1,
411 .hw_rev = 1,
412 .layout_id = "16Mlzma",
413 }, {
414 /* terminating entry */
415 }
416 };
417
418 /*
419 * Message macros
420 */
421 #define ERR(fmt, ...) do { \
422 fflush(0); \
423 fprintf(stderr, "[%s] *** error: " fmt "\n", \
424 progname, ## __VA_ARGS__ ); \
425 } while (0)
426
427 #define ERRS(fmt, ...) do { \
428 int save = errno; \
429 fflush(0); \
430 fprintf(stderr, "[%s] *** error: " fmt "\n", \
431 progname, ## __VA_ARGS__, strerror(save)); \
432 } while (0)
433
434 #define DBG(fmt, ...) do { \
435 fprintf(stderr, "[%s] " fmt "\n", progname, ## __VA_ARGS__ ); \
436 } while (0)
437
438 static struct board_info *find_board(char *id)
439 {
440 struct board_info *ret;
441 struct board_info *board;
442
443 ret = NULL;
444 for (board = boards; board->id != NULL; board++){
445 if (strcasecmp(id, board->id) == 0) {
446 ret = board;
447 break;
448 }
449 };
450
451 return ret;
452 }
453
454 static struct board_info *find_board_by_hwid(uint32_t hw_id)
455 {
456 struct board_info *board;
457
458 for (board = boards; board->id != NULL; board++) {
459 if (hw_id == board->hw_id)
460 return board;
461 };
462
463 return NULL;
464 }
465
466 static struct flash_layout *find_layout(char *id)
467 {
468 struct flash_layout *ret;
469 struct flash_layout *l;
470
471 ret = NULL;
472 for (l = layouts; l->id != NULL; l++){
473 if (strcasecmp(id, l->id) == 0) {
474 ret = l;
475 break;
476 }
477 };
478
479 return ret;
480 }
481
482 static void usage(int status)
483 {
484 FILE *stream = (status != EXIT_SUCCESS) ? stderr : stdout;
485 struct board_info *board;
486
487 fprintf(stream, "Usage: %s [OPTIONS...]\n", progname);
488 fprintf(stream,
489 "\n"
490 "Options:\n"
491 " -B <board> create image for the board specified with <board>\n"
492 " -c use combined kernel image\n"
493 " -E <ep> overwrite kernel entry point with <ep> (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
494 " -L <la> overwrite kernel load address with <la> (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
495 " -H <hwid> use hardware id specified with <hwid>\n"
496 " -W <hwrev> use hardware revision specified with <hwrev>\n"
497 " -F <id> use flash layout specified with <id>\n"
498 " -k <file> read kernel image from the file <file>\n"
499 " -r <file> read rootfs image from the file <file>\n"
500 " -a <align> align the rootfs start on an <align> bytes boundary\n"
501 " -R <offset> overwrite rootfs offset with <offset> (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
502 " -o <file> write output to the file <file>\n"
503 " -s strip padding from the end of the image\n"
504 " -j add jffs2 end-of-filesystem markers\n"
505 " -N <vendor> set image vendor to <vendor>\n"
506 " -V <version> set image version to <version>\n"
507 " -v <version> set firmware version to <version>\n"
508 " -i <file> inspect given firmware file <file>\n"
509 " -x extract kernel and rootfs while inspecting (requires -i)\n"
510 " -X <size> reserve <size> bytes in the firmware image (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
511 " -h show this screen\n"
512 );
513
514 exit(status);
515 }
516
517 static int get_md5(char *data, int size, char *md5)
518 {
519 MD5_CTX ctx;
520
521 MD5_Init(&ctx);
522 MD5_Update(&ctx, data, size);
523 MD5_Final(md5, &ctx);
524 }
525
526 static int get_file_stat(struct file_info *fdata)
527 {
528 struct stat st;
529 int res;
530
531 if (fdata->file_name == NULL)
532 return 0;
533
534 res = stat(fdata->file_name, &st);
535 if (res){
536 ERRS("stat failed on %s", fdata->file_name);
537 return res;
538 }
539
540 fdata->file_size = st.st_size;
541 return 0;
542 }
543
544 static int read_to_buf(struct file_info *fdata, char *buf)
545 {
546 FILE *f;
547 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
548
549 f = fopen(fdata->file_name, "r");
550 if (f == NULL) {
551 ERRS("could not open \"%s\" for reading", fdata->file_name);
552 goto out;
553 }
554
555 errno = 0;
556 fread(buf, fdata->file_size, 1, f);
557 if (errno != 0) {
558 ERRS("unable to read from file \"%s\"", fdata->file_name);
559 goto out_close;
560 }
561
562 ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
563
564 out_close:
565 fclose(f);
566 out:
567 return ret;
568 }
569
570 static int check_options(void)
571 {
572 int ret;
573
574 if (inspect_info.file_name) {
575 ret = get_file_stat(&inspect_info);
576 if (ret)
577 return ret;
578
579 return 0;
580 } else if (extract) {
581 ERR("no firmware for inspection specified");
582 return -1;
583 }
584
585 if (board_id == NULL && opt_hw_id == NULL) {
586 ERR("either board or hardware id must be specified");
587 return -1;
588 }
589
590 if (board_id) {
591 board = find_board(board_id);
592 if (board == NULL) {
593 ERR("unknown/unsupported board id \"%s\"", board_id);
594 return -1;
595 }
596 if (layout_id == NULL)
597 layout_id = board->layout_id;
598
599 hw_id = board->hw_id;
600 hw_rev = board->hw_rev;
601 } else {
602 if (layout_id == NULL) {
603 ERR("flash layout is not specified");
604 return -1;
605 }
606 hw_id = strtoul(opt_hw_id, NULL, 0);
607
608 if (opt_hw_rev)
609 hw_rev = strtoul(opt_hw_rev, NULL, 0);
610 else
611 hw_rev = 1;
612 }
613
614 layout = find_layout(layout_id);
615 if (layout == NULL) {
616 ERR("unknown flash layout \"%s\"", layout_id);
617 return -1;
618 }
619
620 if (!kernel_la)
621 kernel_la = layout->kernel_la;
622 if (!kernel_ep)
623 kernel_ep = layout->kernel_ep;
624 if (!rootfs_ofs)
625 rootfs_ofs = layout->rootfs_ofs;
626
627 if (reserved_space > layout->fw_max_len) {
628 ERR("reserved space is not valid");
629 return -1;
630 }
631
632 fw_max_len = layout->fw_max_len - reserved_space;
633
634 if (kernel_info.file_name == NULL) {
635 ERR("no kernel image specified");
636 return -1;
637 }
638
639 ret = get_file_stat(&kernel_info);
640 if (ret)
641 return ret;
642
643 kernel_len = kernel_info.file_size;
644
645 if (combined) {
646 if (kernel_info.file_size >
647 fw_max_len - sizeof(struct fw_header)) {
648 ERR("kernel image is too big");
649 return -1;
650 }
651 } else {
652 if (rootfs_info.file_name == NULL) {
653 ERR("no rootfs image specified");
654 return -1;
655 }
656
657 ret = get_file_stat(&rootfs_info);
658 if (ret)
659 return ret;
660
661 if (rootfs_align) {
662 kernel_len += sizeof(struct fw_header);
663 kernel_len = ALIGN(kernel_len, rootfs_align);
664 kernel_len -= sizeof(struct fw_header);
665
666 DBG("kernel length aligned to %u", kernel_len);
667
668 if (kernel_len + rootfs_info.file_size >
669 fw_max_len - sizeof(struct fw_header)) {
670 ERR("images are too big");
671 return -1;
672 }
673 } else {
674 if (kernel_info.file_size >
675 rootfs_ofs - sizeof(struct fw_header)) {
676 ERR("kernel image is too big");
677 return -1;
678 }
679
680 if (rootfs_info.file_size >
681 (fw_max_len - rootfs_ofs)) {
682 ERR("rootfs image is too big");
683 return -1;
684 }
685 }
686 }
687
688 if (ofname == NULL) {
689 ERR("no output file specified");
690 return -1;
691 }
692
693 ret = sscanf(fw_ver, "%d.%d.%d", &fw_ver_hi, &fw_ver_mid, &fw_ver_lo);
694 if (ret != 3) {
695 ERR("invalid firmware version '%s'", fw_ver);
696 return -1;
697 }
698
699 return 0;
700 }
701
702 static void fill_header(char *buf, int len)
703 {
704 struct fw_header *hdr = (struct fw_header *)buf;
705
706 memset(hdr, 0, sizeof(struct fw_header));
707
708 hdr->version = htonl(HEADER_VERSION_V1);
709 strncpy(hdr->vendor_name, vendor, sizeof(hdr->vendor_name));
710 strncpy(hdr->fw_version, version, sizeof(hdr->fw_version));
711 hdr->hw_id = htonl(hw_id);
712 hdr->hw_rev = htonl(hw_rev);
713
714 if (boot_info.file_size == 0)
715 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_normal, sizeof(hdr->md5sum1));
716 else
717 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_boot, sizeof(hdr->md5sum1));
718
719 hdr->kernel_la = htonl(kernel_la);
720 hdr->kernel_ep = htonl(kernel_ep);
721 hdr->fw_length = htonl(layout->fw_max_len);
722 hdr->kernel_ofs = htonl(sizeof(struct fw_header));
723 hdr->kernel_len = htonl(kernel_len);
724 if (!combined) {
725 hdr->rootfs_ofs = htonl(rootfs_ofs);
726 hdr->rootfs_len = htonl(rootfs_info.file_size);
727 }
728
729 hdr->ver_hi = htons(fw_ver_hi);
730 hdr->ver_mid = htons(fw_ver_mid);
731 hdr->ver_lo = htons(fw_ver_lo);
732
733 get_md5(buf, len, hdr->md5sum1);
734 }
735
736 static int pad_jffs2(char *buf, int currlen)
737 {
738 int len;
739 uint32_t pad_mask;
740
741 len = currlen;
742 pad_mask = (64 * 1024);
743 while ((len < layout->fw_max_len) && (pad_mask != 0)) {
744 uint32_t mask;
745 int i;
746
747 for (i = 10; i < 32; i++) {
748 mask = 1 << i;
749 if (pad_mask & mask)
750 break;
751 }
752
753 len = ALIGN(len, mask);
754
755 for (i = 10; i < 32; i++) {
756 mask = 1 << i;
757 if ((len & (mask - 1)) == 0)
758 pad_mask &= ~mask;
759 }
760
761 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(jffs2_eof_mark); i++)
762 buf[len + i] = jffs2_eof_mark[i];
763
764 len += sizeof(jffs2_eof_mark);
765 }
766
767 return len;
768 }
769
770 static int write_fw(char *data, int len)
771 {
772 FILE *f;
773 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
774
775 f = fopen(ofname, "w");
776 if (f == NULL) {
777 ERRS("could not open \"%s\" for writing", ofname);
778 goto out;
779 }
780
781 errno = 0;
782 fwrite(data, len, 1, f);
783 if (errno) {
784 ERRS("unable to write output file");
785 goto out_flush;
786 }
787
788 DBG("firmware file \"%s\" completed", ofname);
789
790 ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
791
792 out_flush:
793 fflush(f);
794 fclose(f);
795 if (ret != EXIT_SUCCESS) {
796 unlink(ofname);
797 }
798 out:
799 return ret;
800 }
801
802 static int build_fw(void)
803 {
804 int buflen;
805 char *buf;
806 char *p;
807 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
808 int writelen = 0;
809
810 buflen = layout->fw_max_len;
811
812 buf = malloc(buflen);
813 if (!buf) {
814 ERR("no memory for buffer\n");
815 goto out;
816 }
817
818 memset(buf, 0xff, buflen);
819 p = buf + sizeof(struct fw_header);
820 ret = read_to_buf(&kernel_info, p);
821 if (ret)
822 goto out_free_buf;
823
824 writelen = sizeof(struct fw_header) + kernel_len;
825
826 if (!combined) {
827 if (rootfs_align)
828 p = buf + writelen;
829 else
830 p = buf + rootfs_ofs;
831
832 ret = read_to_buf(&rootfs_info, p);
833 if (ret)
834 goto out_free_buf;
835
836 if (rootfs_align)
837 writelen += rootfs_info.file_size;
838 else
839 writelen = rootfs_ofs + rootfs_info.file_size;
840
841 if (add_jffs2_eof)
842 writelen = pad_jffs2(buf, writelen);
843 }
844
845 if (!strip_padding)
846 writelen = buflen;
847
848 fill_header(buf, writelen);
849 ret = write_fw(buf, writelen);
850 if (ret)
851 goto out_free_buf;
852
853 ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
854
855 out_free_buf:
856 free(buf);
857 out:
858 return ret;
859 }
860
861 /* Helper functions to inspect_fw() representing different output formats */
862 static inline void inspect_fw_pstr(char *label, char *str)
863 {
864 printf("%-23s: %s\n", label, str);
865 }
866
867 static inline void inspect_fw_phex(char *label, uint32_t val)
868 {
869 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x\n", label, val);
870 }
871
872 static inline void inspect_fw_phexpost(char *label,
873 uint32_t val, char *post)
874 {
875 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x (%s)\n", label, val, post);
876 }
877
878 static inline void inspect_fw_phexdef(char *label,
879 uint32_t val, uint32_t defval)
880 {
881 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x ", label, val);
882
883 if (val == defval)
884 printf("(== OpenWrt default)\n");
885 else
886 printf("(OpenWrt default: 0x%08x)\n", defval);
887 }
888
889 static inline void inspect_fw_phexexp(char *label,
890 uint32_t val, uint32_t expval)
891 {
892 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x ", label, val);
893
894 if (val == expval)
895 printf("(ok)\n");
896 else
897 printf("(expected: 0x%08x)\n", expval);
898 }
899
900 static inline void inspect_fw_phexdec(char *label, uint32_t val)
901 {
902 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x / %8u bytes\n", label, val, val);
903 }
904
905 static inline void inspect_fw_phexdecdef(char *label,
906 uint32_t val, uint32_t defval)
907 {
908 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x / %8u bytes ", label, val, val);
909
910 if (val == defval)
911 printf("(== OpenWrt default)\n");
912 else
913 printf("(OpenWrt default: 0x%08x)\n", defval);
914 }
915
916 static inline void inspect_fw_pmd5sum(char *label, uint8_t *val, char *text)
917 {
918 int i;
919
920 printf("%-23s:", label);
921 for (i=0; i<MD5SUM_LEN; i++)
922 printf(" %02x", val[i]);
923 printf(" %s\n", text);
924 }
925
926 static int inspect_fw(void)
927 {
928 char *buf;
929 struct fw_header *hdr;
930 uint8_t md5sum[MD5SUM_LEN];
931 struct board_info *board;
932 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
933
934 buf = malloc(inspect_info.file_size);
935 if (!buf) {
936 ERR("no memory for buffer!\n");
937 goto out;
938 }
939
940 ret = read_to_buf(&inspect_info, buf);
941 if (ret)
942 goto out_free_buf;
943 hdr = (struct fw_header *)buf;
944
945 inspect_fw_pstr("File name", inspect_info.file_name);
946 inspect_fw_phexdec("File size", inspect_info.file_size);
947
948 if (ntohl(hdr->version) != HEADER_VERSION_V1) {
949 ERR("file does not seem to have V1 header!\n");
950 goto out_free_buf;
951 }
952
953 inspect_fw_phexdec("Version 1 Header size", sizeof(struct fw_header));
954
955 if (ntohl(hdr->unk1) != 0)
956 inspect_fw_phexdec("Unknown value 1", hdr->unk1);
957
958 memcpy(md5sum, hdr->md5sum1, sizeof(md5sum));
959 if (ntohl(hdr->boot_len) == 0)
960 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_normal, sizeof(md5sum));
961 else
962 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_boot, sizeof(md5sum));
963 get_md5(buf, inspect_info.file_size, hdr->md5sum1);
964
965 if (memcmp(md5sum, hdr->md5sum1, sizeof(md5sum))) {
966 inspect_fw_pmd5sum("Header MD5Sum1", md5sum, "(*ERROR*)");
967 inspect_fw_pmd5sum(" --> expected", hdr->md5sum1, "");
968 } else {
969 inspect_fw_pmd5sum("Header MD5Sum1", md5sum, "(ok)");
970 }
971 if (ntohl(hdr->unk2) != 0)
972 inspect_fw_phexdec("Unknown value 2", hdr->unk2);
973 inspect_fw_pmd5sum("Header MD5Sum2", hdr->md5sum2,
974 "(purpose yet unknown, unchecked here)");
975 if (ntohl(hdr->unk3) != 0)
976 inspect_fw_phexdec("Unknown value 3", hdr->unk3);
977
978 printf("\n");
979
980 inspect_fw_pstr("Vendor name", hdr->vendor_name);
981 inspect_fw_pstr("Firmware version", hdr->fw_version);
982 board = find_board_by_hwid(ntohl(hdr->hw_id));
983 if (board) {
984 layout = find_layout(board->layout_id);
985 inspect_fw_phexpost("Hardware ID",
986 ntohl(hdr->hw_id), board->id);
987 inspect_fw_phexexp("Hardware Revision",
988 ntohl(hdr->hw_rev), board->hw_rev);
989 } else {
990 inspect_fw_phexpost("Hardware ID",
991 ntohl(hdr->hw_id), "unknown");
992 inspect_fw_phex("Hardware Revision",
993 ntohl(hdr->hw_rev));
994 }
995
996 printf("\n");
997
998 inspect_fw_phexdec("Kernel data offset",
999 ntohl(hdr->kernel_ofs));
1000 inspect_fw_phexdec("Kernel data length",
1001 ntohl(hdr->kernel_len));
1002 if (board) {
1003 inspect_fw_phexdef("Kernel load address",
1004 ntohl(hdr->kernel_la),
1005 layout ? layout->kernel_la : 0xffffffff);
1006 inspect_fw_phexdef("Kernel entry point",
1007 ntohl(hdr->kernel_ep),
1008 layout ? layout->kernel_ep : 0xffffffff);
1009 inspect_fw_phexdecdef("Rootfs data offset",
1010 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_ofs),
1011 layout ? layout->rootfs_ofs : 0xffffffff);
1012 } else {
1013 inspect_fw_phex("Kernel load address",
1014 ntohl(hdr->kernel_la));
1015 inspect_fw_phex("Kernel entry point",
1016 ntohl(hdr->kernel_ep));
1017 inspect_fw_phexdec("Rootfs data offset",
1018 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_ofs));
1019 }
1020 inspect_fw_phexdec("Rootfs data length",
1021 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_len));
1022 inspect_fw_phexdec("Boot loader data offset",
1023 ntohl(hdr->boot_ofs));
1024 inspect_fw_phexdec("Boot loader data length",
1025 ntohl(hdr->boot_len));
1026 inspect_fw_phexdec("Total firmware length",
1027 ntohl(hdr->fw_length));
1028
1029 if (extract) {
1030 FILE *fp;
1031 char *filename;
1032
1033 printf("\n");
1034
1035 filename = malloc(strlen(inspect_info.file_name) + 8);
1036 sprintf(filename, "%s-kernel", inspect_info.file_name);
1037 printf("Extracting kernel to \"%s\"...\n", filename);
1038 fp = fopen(filename, "w");
1039 if (fp) {
1040 if (!fwrite(buf + ntohl(hdr->kernel_ofs),
1041 ntohl(hdr->kernel_len), 1, fp)) {
1042 ERR("error in fwrite(): %s", strerror(errno));
1043 }
1044 fclose(fp);
1045 } else {
1046 ERR("error in fopen(): %s", strerror(errno));
1047 }
1048 free(filename);
1049
1050 filename = malloc(strlen(inspect_info.file_name) + 8);
1051 sprintf(filename, "%s-rootfs", inspect_info.file_name);
1052 printf("Extracting rootfs to \"%s\"...\n", filename);
1053 fp = fopen(filename, "w");
1054 if (fp) {
1055 if (!fwrite(buf + ntohl(hdr->rootfs_ofs),
1056 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_len), 1, fp)) {
1057 ERR("error in fwrite(): %s", strerror(errno));
1058 }
1059 fclose(fp);
1060 } else {
1061 ERR("error in fopen(): %s", strerror(errno));
1062 }
1063 free(filename);
1064 }
1065
1066 out_free_buf:
1067 free(buf);
1068 out:
1069 return ret;
1070 }
1071
1072 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
1073 {
1074 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
1075 int err;
1076
1077 FILE *outfile;
1078
1079 progname = basename(argv[0]);
1080
1081 while ( 1 ) {
1082 int c;
1083
1084 c = getopt(argc, argv, "a:B:H:E:F:L:V:N:W:ci:k:r:R:o:xX:hsjv:");
1085 if (c == -1)
1086 break;
1087
1088 switch (c) {
1089 case 'a':
1090 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &rootfs_align);
1091 break;
1092 case 'B':
1093 board_id = optarg;
1094 break;
1095 case 'H':
1096 opt_hw_id = optarg;
1097 break;
1098 case 'E':
1099 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &kernel_ep);
1100 break;
1101 case 'F':
1102 layout_id = optarg;
1103 break;
1104 case 'W':
1105 opt_hw_rev = optarg;
1106 break;
1107 case 'L':
1108 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &kernel_la);
1109 break;
1110 case 'V':
1111 version = optarg;
1112 break;
1113 case 'v':
1114 fw_ver = optarg;
1115 break;
1116 case 'N':
1117 vendor = optarg;
1118 break;
1119 case 'c':
1120 combined++;
1121 break;
1122 case 'k':
1123 kernel_info.file_name = optarg;
1124 break;
1125 case 'r':
1126 rootfs_info.file_name = optarg;
1127 break;
1128 case 'R':
1129 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &rootfs_ofs);
1130 break;
1131 case 'o':
1132 ofname = optarg;
1133 break;
1134 case 's':
1135 strip_padding = 1;
1136 break;
1137 case 'i':
1138 inspect_info.file_name = optarg;
1139 break;
1140 case 'j':
1141 add_jffs2_eof = 1;
1142 break;
1143 case 'x':
1144 extract = 1;
1145 break;
1146 case 'h':
1147 usage(EXIT_SUCCESS);
1148 break;
1149 case 'X':
1150 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &reserved_space);
1151 break;
1152 default:
1153 usage(EXIT_FAILURE);
1154 break;
1155 }
1156 }
1157
1158 ret = check_options();
1159 if (ret)
1160 goto out;
1161
1162 if (!inspect_info.file_name)
1163 ret = build_fw();
1164 else
1165 ret = inspect_fw();
1166
1167 out:
1168 return ret;
1169 }
1170