d15ca5bf45b41c0da141fb631aae6b100143740d
[openwrt/svn-archive/archive.git] / tools / firmware-utils / src / mktplinkfw.c
1 /*
2 * Copyright (C) 2009 Gabor Juhos <juhosg@openwrt.org>
3 *
4 * This tool was based on:
5 * TP-Link WR941 V2 firmware checksum fixing tool.
6 * Copyright (C) 2008,2009 Wang Jian <lark@linux.net.cn>
7 *
8 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
9 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
10 * by the Free Software Foundation.
11 *
12 */
13
14 #include <stdio.h>
15 #include <stdlib.h>
16 #include <stdint.h>
17 #include <string.h>
18 #include <unistd.h> /* for unlink() */
19 #include <libgen.h>
20 #include <getopt.h> /* for getopt() */
21 #include <stdarg.h>
22 #include <errno.h>
23 #include <sys/stat.h>
24
25 #include <arpa/inet.h>
26 #include <netinet/in.h>
27
28 #include "md5.h"
29
30 #define ALIGN(x,a) ({ typeof(a) __a = (a); (((x) + __a - 1) & ~(__a - 1)); })
31
32 #define HEADER_VERSION_V1 0x01000000
33 #define HWID_TL_MR10U_V1 0x00100101
34 #define HWID_TL_MR13U_V1 0x00130101
35 #define HWID_TL_MR3020_V1 0x30200001
36 #define HWID_TL_MR3220_V1 0x32200001
37 #define HWID_TL_MR3220_V2 0x32200002
38 #define HWID_TL_MR3420_V1 0x34200001
39 #define HWID_TL_MR3420_V2 0x34200002
40 #define HWID_TL_WA701N_V1 0x07010001
41 #define HWID_TL_WA7510N_V1 0x75100001
42 #define HWID_TL_WA801ND_V1 0x08010001
43 #define HWID_TL_WA830RE_V1 0x08300010
44 #define HWID_TL_WA830RE_V2 0x08300002
45 #define HWID_TL_WA801ND_V2 0x08010002
46 #define HWID_TL_WA901ND_V1 0x09010001
47 #define HWID_TL_WA901ND_V2 0x09010002
48 #define HWID_TL_WDR4900_V1 0x49000001
49 #define HWID_TL_WR703N_V1 0x07030101
50 #define HWID_TL_WR720N_V3 0x07200103
51 #define HWID_TL_WR741ND_V1 0x07410001
52 #define HWID_TL_WR741ND_V4 0x07410004
53 #define HWID_TL_WR740N_V1 0x07400001
54 #define HWID_TL_WR740N_V3 0x07400003
55 #define HWID_TL_WR743ND_V1 0x07430001
56 #define HWID_TL_WR743ND_V2 0x07430002
57 #define HWID_TL_WR841N_V1_5 0x08410002
58 #define HWID_TL_WR841ND_V3 0x08410003
59 #define HWID_TL_WR841ND_V5 0x08410005
60 #define HWID_TL_WR841ND_V7 0x08410007
61 #define HWID_TL_WR941ND_V2 0x09410002
62 #define HWID_TL_WR941ND_V4 0x09410004
63 #define HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V1 0x10430001
64 #define HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V2 0x10430002
65 #define HWID_TL_WR1041N_V2 0x10410002
66 #define HWID_TL_WR2543N_V1 0x25430001
67
68 #define MD5SUM_LEN 16
69
70 struct file_info {
71 char *file_name; /* name of the file */
72 uint32_t file_size; /* length of the file */
73 };
74
75 struct fw_header {
76 uint32_t version; /* header version */
77 char vendor_name[24];
78 char fw_version[36];
79 uint32_t hw_id; /* hardware id */
80 uint32_t hw_rev; /* hardware revision */
81 uint32_t unk1;
82 uint8_t md5sum1[MD5SUM_LEN];
83 uint32_t unk2;
84 uint8_t md5sum2[MD5SUM_LEN];
85 uint32_t unk3;
86 uint32_t kernel_la; /* kernel load address */
87 uint32_t kernel_ep; /* kernel entry point */
88 uint32_t fw_length; /* total length of the firmware */
89 uint32_t kernel_ofs; /* kernel data offset */
90 uint32_t kernel_len; /* kernel data length */
91 uint32_t rootfs_ofs; /* rootfs data offset */
92 uint32_t rootfs_len; /* rootfs data length */
93 uint32_t boot_ofs; /* bootloader data offset */
94 uint32_t boot_len; /* bootloader data length */
95 uint16_t ver_hi;
96 uint16_t ver_mid;
97 uint16_t ver_lo;
98 uint8_t pad[354];
99 } __attribute__ ((packed));
100
101 struct flash_layout {
102 char *id;
103 uint32_t fw_max_len;
104 uint32_t kernel_la;
105 uint32_t kernel_ep;
106 uint32_t rootfs_ofs;
107 };
108
109 struct board_info {
110 char *id;
111 uint32_t hw_id;
112 uint32_t hw_rev;
113 char *layout_id;
114 };
115
116 /*
117 * Globals
118 */
119 static char *ofname;
120 static char *progname;
121 static char *vendor = "TP-LINK Technologies";
122 static char *version = "ver. 1.0";
123 static char *fw_ver = "0.0.0";
124
125 static char *board_id;
126 static struct board_info *board;
127 static char *layout_id;
128 static struct flash_layout *layout;
129 static char *opt_hw_id;
130 static uint32_t hw_id;
131 static char *opt_hw_rev;
132 static uint32_t hw_rev;
133 static int fw_ver_lo;
134 static int fw_ver_mid;
135 static int fw_ver_hi;
136 static struct file_info kernel_info;
137 static uint32_t kernel_la = 0;
138 static uint32_t kernel_ep = 0;
139 static uint32_t kernel_len = 0;
140 static struct file_info rootfs_info;
141 static uint32_t rootfs_ofs = 0;
142 static uint32_t rootfs_align;
143 static struct file_info boot_info;
144 static int combined;
145 static int strip_padding;
146 static int add_jffs2_eof;
147 static unsigned char jffs2_eof_mark[4] = {0xde, 0xad, 0xc0, 0xde};
148 static uint32_t fw_max_len;
149 static uint32_t reserved_space;
150
151 static struct file_info inspect_info;
152 static int extract = 0;
153
154 char md5salt_normal[MD5SUM_LEN] = {
155 0xdc, 0xd7, 0x3a, 0xa5, 0xc3, 0x95, 0x98, 0xfb,
156 0xdd, 0xf9, 0xe7, 0xf4, 0x0e, 0xae, 0x47, 0x38,
157 };
158
159 char md5salt_boot[MD5SUM_LEN] = {
160 0x8c, 0xef, 0x33, 0x5b, 0xd5, 0xc5, 0xce, 0xfa,
161 0xa7, 0x9c, 0x28, 0xda, 0xb2, 0xe9, 0x0f, 0x42,
162 };
163
164 static struct flash_layout layouts[] = {
165 {
166 .id = "4M",
167 .fw_max_len = 0x3c0000,
168 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
169 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
170 .rootfs_ofs = 0x140000,
171 }, {
172 .id = "4Mlzma",
173 .fw_max_len = 0x3c0000,
174 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
175 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
176 .rootfs_ofs = 0x100000,
177 }, {
178 .id = "8M",
179 .fw_max_len = 0x7c0000,
180 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
181 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
182 .rootfs_ofs = 0x140000,
183 }, {
184 .id = "8Mlzma",
185 .fw_max_len = 0x7c0000,
186 .kernel_la = 0x80060000,
187 .kernel_ep = 0x80060000,
188 .rootfs_ofs = 0x100000,
189 }, {
190 .id = "16Mppc",
191 .fw_max_len = 0xf80000,
192 .kernel_la = 0x00000000,
193 .kernel_ep = 0xc0000000,
194 .rootfs_ofs = 0x2a0000,
195 }, {
196 /* terminating entry */
197 }
198 };
199
200 static struct board_info boards[] = {
201 {
202 .id = "TL-MR10Uv1",
203 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR10U_V1,
204 .hw_rev = 1,
205 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
206 }, {
207 .id = "TL-MR13Uv1",
208 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR13U_V1,
209 .hw_rev = 1,
210 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
211 }, {
212 .id = "TL-MR3020v1",
213 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3020_V1,
214 .hw_rev = 1,
215 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
216 }, {
217 .id = "TL-MR3220v1",
218 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3220_V1,
219 .hw_rev = 1,
220 .layout_id = "4M",
221 }, {
222 .id = "TL-MR3220v2",
223 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3220_V2,
224 .hw_rev = 1,
225 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
226 }, {
227 .id = "TL-MR3420v1",
228 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3420_V1,
229 .hw_rev = 1,
230 .layout_id = "4M",
231 }, {
232 .id = "TL-MR3420v2",
233 .hw_id = HWID_TL_MR3420_V2,
234 .hw_rev = 1,
235 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
236 }, {
237 .id = "TL-WA701Nv1",
238 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA701N_V1,
239 .hw_rev = 1,
240 .layout_id = "4M",
241 }, {
242 .id = "TL-WA7510N",
243 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA7510N_V1,
244 .hw_rev = 1,
245 .layout_id = "4M",
246 }, {
247 .id = "TL-WA801NDv1",
248 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA801ND_V1,
249 .hw_rev = 1,
250 .layout_id = "4M",
251 }, {
252 .id = "TL-WA830REv1",
253 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA830RE_V1,
254 .hw_rev = 1,
255 .layout_id = "4M",
256 }, {
257 .id = "TL-WA830REv2",
258 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA830RE_V2,
259 .hw_rev = 1,
260 .layout_id = "4M",
261 }, {
262 .id = "TL-WA801NDv2",
263 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA801ND_V2,
264 .hw_rev = 1,
265 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
266 }, {
267 .id = "TL-WA901NDv1",
268 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA901ND_V1,
269 .hw_rev = 1,
270 .layout_id = "4M",
271 }, {
272 .id = "TL-WA901NDv2",
273 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WA901ND_V2,
274 .hw_rev = 1,
275 .layout_id = "4M",
276 }, {
277 .id = "TL-WDR4900v1",
278 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WDR4900_V1,
279 .hw_rev = 1,
280 .layout_id = "16Mppc",
281 }, {
282 .id = "TL-WR741NDv1",
283 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR741ND_V1,
284 .hw_rev = 1,
285 .layout_id = "4M",
286 }, {
287 .id = "TL-WR741NDv4",
288 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR741ND_V4,
289 .hw_rev = 1,
290 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
291 }, {
292 .id = "TL-WR740Nv1",
293 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR740N_V1,
294 .hw_rev = 1,
295 .layout_id = "4M",
296 }, {
297 .id = "TL-WR740Nv3",
298 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR740N_V3,
299 .hw_rev = 1,
300 .layout_id = "4M",
301 }, {
302 .id = "TL-WR743NDv1",
303 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR743ND_V1,
304 .hw_rev = 1,
305 .layout_id = "4M",
306 }, {
307 .id = "TL-WR743NDv2",
308 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR743ND_V2,
309 .hw_rev = 1,
310 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
311 }, {
312 .id = "TL-WR841Nv1.5",
313 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841N_V1_5,
314 .hw_rev = 2,
315 .layout_id = "4M",
316 }, {
317 .id = "TL-WR841NDv3",
318 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841ND_V3,
319 .hw_rev = 3,
320 .layout_id = "4M",
321 }, {
322 .id = "TL-WR841NDv5",
323 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841ND_V5,
324 .hw_rev = 1,
325 .layout_id = "4M",
326 }, {
327 .id = "TL-WR841NDv7",
328 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR841ND_V7,
329 .hw_rev = 1,
330 .layout_id = "4M",
331 }, {
332 .id = "TL-WR941NDv2",
333 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR941ND_V2,
334 .hw_rev = 2,
335 .layout_id = "4M",
336 }, {
337 .id = "TL-WR941NDv4",
338 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR941ND_V4,
339 .hw_rev = 1,
340 .layout_id = "4M",
341 }, {
342 .id = "TL-WR1041Nv2",
343 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR1041N_V2,
344 .hw_rev = 1,
345 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
346 }, {
347 .id = "TL-WR1043NDv1",
348 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V1,
349 .hw_rev = 1,
350 .layout_id = "8M",
351 }, {
352 .id = "TL-WR1043NDv2",
353 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR1043ND_V2,
354 .hw_rev = 1,
355 .layout_id = "8Mlzma",
356 }, {
357 .id = "TL-WR2543Nv1",
358 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR2543N_V1,
359 .hw_rev = 1,
360 .layout_id = "8Mlzma",
361 }, {
362 .id = "TL-WR703Nv1",
363 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR703N_V1,
364 .hw_rev = 1,
365 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
366 }, {
367 .id = "TL-WR720Nv3",
368 .hw_id = HWID_TL_WR720N_V3,
369 .hw_rev = 1,
370 .layout_id = "4Mlzma",
371 }, {
372 /* terminating entry */
373 }
374 };
375
376 /*
377 * Message macros
378 */
379 #define ERR(fmt, ...) do { \
380 fflush(0); \
381 fprintf(stderr, "[%s] *** error: " fmt "\n", \
382 progname, ## __VA_ARGS__ ); \
383 } while (0)
384
385 #define ERRS(fmt, ...) do { \
386 int save = errno; \
387 fflush(0); \
388 fprintf(stderr, "[%s] *** error: " fmt "\n", \
389 progname, ## __VA_ARGS__, strerror(save)); \
390 } while (0)
391
392 #define DBG(fmt, ...) do { \
393 fprintf(stderr, "[%s] " fmt "\n", progname, ## __VA_ARGS__ ); \
394 } while (0)
395
396 static struct board_info *find_board(char *id)
397 {
398 struct board_info *ret;
399 struct board_info *board;
400
401 ret = NULL;
402 for (board = boards; board->id != NULL; board++){
403 if (strcasecmp(id, board->id) == 0) {
404 ret = board;
405 break;
406 }
407 };
408
409 return ret;
410 }
411
412 static struct board_info *find_board_by_hwid(uint32_t hw_id)
413 {
414 struct board_info *board;
415
416 for (board = boards; board->id != NULL; board++) {
417 if (hw_id == board->hw_id)
418 return board;
419 };
420
421 return NULL;
422 }
423
424 static struct flash_layout *find_layout(char *id)
425 {
426 struct flash_layout *ret;
427 struct flash_layout *l;
428
429 ret = NULL;
430 for (l = layouts; l->id != NULL; l++){
431 if (strcasecmp(id, l->id) == 0) {
432 ret = l;
433 break;
434 }
435 };
436
437 return ret;
438 }
439
440 static void usage(int status)
441 {
442 FILE *stream = (status != EXIT_SUCCESS) ? stderr : stdout;
443 struct board_info *board;
444
445 fprintf(stream, "Usage: %s [OPTIONS...]\n", progname);
446 fprintf(stream,
447 "\n"
448 "Options:\n"
449 " -B <board> create image for the board specified with <board>\n"
450 " -c use combined kernel image\n"
451 " -E <ep> overwrite kernel entry point with <ep> (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
452 " -L <la> overwrite kernel load address with <la> (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
453 " -H <hwid> use hardware id specified with <hwid>\n"
454 " -W <hwrev> use hardware revision specified with <hwrev>\n"
455 " -F <id> use flash layout specified with <id>\n"
456 " -k <file> read kernel image from the file <file>\n"
457 " -r <file> read rootfs image from the file <file>\n"
458 " -a <align> align the rootfs start on an <align> bytes boundary\n"
459 " -R <offset> overwrite rootfs offset with <offset> (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
460 " -o <file> write output to the file <file>\n"
461 " -s strip padding from the end of the image\n"
462 " -j add jffs2 end-of-filesystem markers\n"
463 " -N <vendor> set image vendor to <vendor>\n"
464 " -V <version> set image version to <version>\n"
465 " -v <version> set firmware version to <version>\n"
466 " -i <file> inspect given firmware file <file>\n"
467 " -x extract kernel and rootfs while inspecting (requires -i)\n"
468 " -X <size> reserve <size> bytes in the firmware image (hexval prefixed with 0x)\n"
469 " -h show this screen\n"
470 );
471
472 exit(status);
473 }
474
475 static int get_md5(char *data, int size, char *md5)
476 {
477 MD5_CTX ctx;
478
479 MD5_Init(&ctx);
480 MD5_Update(&ctx, data, size);
481 MD5_Final(md5, &ctx);
482 }
483
484 static int get_file_stat(struct file_info *fdata)
485 {
486 struct stat st;
487 int res;
488
489 if (fdata->file_name == NULL)
490 return 0;
491
492 res = stat(fdata->file_name, &st);
493 if (res){
494 ERRS("stat failed on %s", fdata->file_name);
495 return res;
496 }
497
498 fdata->file_size = st.st_size;
499 return 0;
500 }
501
502 static int read_to_buf(struct file_info *fdata, char *buf)
503 {
504 FILE *f;
505 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
506
507 f = fopen(fdata->file_name, "r");
508 if (f == NULL) {
509 ERRS("could not open \"%s\" for reading", fdata->file_name);
510 goto out;
511 }
512
513 errno = 0;
514 fread(buf, fdata->file_size, 1, f);
515 if (errno != 0) {
516 ERRS("unable to read from file \"%s\"", fdata->file_name);
517 goto out_close;
518 }
519
520 ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
521
522 out_close:
523 fclose(f);
524 out:
525 return ret;
526 }
527
528 static int check_options(void)
529 {
530 int ret;
531
532 if (inspect_info.file_name) {
533 ret = get_file_stat(&inspect_info);
534 if (ret)
535 return ret;
536
537 return 0;
538 } else if (extract) {
539 ERR("no firmware for inspection specified");
540 return -1;
541 }
542
543 if (board_id == NULL && opt_hw_id == NULL) {
544 ERR("either board or hardware id must be specified");
545 return -1;
546 }
547
548 if (board_id) {
549 board = find_board(board_id);
550 if (board == NULL) {
551 ERR("unknown/unsupported board id \"%s\"", board_id);
552 return -1;
553 }
554 if (layout_id == NULL)
555 layout_id = board->layout_id;
556
557 hw_id = board->hw_id;
558 hw_rev = board->hw_rev;
559 } else {
560 if (layout_id == NULL) {
561 ERR("flash layout is not specified");
562 return -1;
563 }
564 hw_id = strtoul(opt_hw_id, NULL, 0);
565
566 if (opt_hw_rev)
567 hw_rev = strtoul(opt_hw_rev, NULL, 0);
568 else
569 hw_rev = 1;
570 }
571
572 layout = find_layout(layout_id);
573 if (layout == NULL) {
574 ERR("unknown flash layout \"%s\"", layout_id);
575 return -1;
576 }
577
578 if (!kernel_la)
579 kernel_la = layout->kernel_la;
580 if (!kernel_ep)
581 kernel_ep = layout->kernel_ep;
582 if (!rootfs_ofs)
583 rootfs_ofs = layout->rootfs_ofs;
584
585 if (reserved_space > layout->fw_max_len) {
586 ERR("reserved space is not valid");
587 return -1;
588 }
589
590 fw_max_len = layout->fw_max_len - reserved_space;
591
592 if (kernel_info.file_name == NULL) {
593 ERR("no kernel image specified");
594 return -1;
595 }
596
597 ret = get_file_stat(&kernel_info);
598 if (ret)
599 return ret;
600
601 kernel_len = kernel_info.file_size;
602
603 if (combined) {
604 if (kernel_info.file_size >
605 fw_max_len - sizeof(struct fw_header)) {
606 ERR("kernel image is too big");
607 return -1;
608 }
609 } else {
610 if (rootfs_info.file_name == NULL) {
611 ERR("no rootfs image specified");
612 return -1;
613 }
614
615 ret = get_file_stat(&rootfs_info);
616 if (ret)
617 return ret;
618
619 if (rootfs_align) {
620 kernel_len += sizeof(struct fw_header);
621 kernel_len = ALIGN(kernel_len, rootfs_align);
622 kernel_len -= sizeof(struct fw_header);
623
624 DBG("kernel length aligned to %u", kernel_len);
625
626 if (kernel_len + rootfs_info.file_size >
627 fw_max_len - sizeof(struct fw_header)) {
628 ERR("images are too big");
629 return -1;
630 }
631 } else {
632 if (kernel_info.file_size >
633 rootfs_ofs - sizeof(struct fw_header)) {
634 ERR("kernel image is too big");
635 return -1;
636 }
637
638 if (rootfs_info.file_size >
639 (fw_max_len - rootfs_ofs)) {
640 ERR("rootfs image is too big");
641 return -1;
642 }
643 }
644 }
645
646 if (ofname == NULL) {
647 ERR("no output file specified");
648 return -1;
649 }
650
651 ret = sscanf(fw_ver, "%d.%d.%d", &fw_ver_hi, &fw_ver_mid, &fw_ver_lo);
652 if (ret != 3) {
653 ERR("invalid firmware version '%s'", fw_ver);
654 return -1;
655 }
656
657 return 0;
658 }
659
660 static void fill_header(char *buf, int len)
661 {
662 struct fw_header *hdr = (struct fw_header *)buf;
663
664 memset(hdr, 0, sizeof(struct fw_header));
665
666 hdr->version = htonl(HEADER_VERSION_V1);
667 strncpy(hdr->vendor_name, vendor, sizeof(hdr->vendor_name));
668 strncpy(hdr->fw_version, version, sizeof(hdr->fw_version));
669 hdr->hw_id = htonl(hw_id);
670 hdr->hw_rev = htonl(hw_rev);
671
672 if (boot_info.file_size == 0)
673 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_normal, sizeof(hdr->md5sum1));
674 else
675 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_boot, sizeof(hdr->md5sum1));
676
677 hdr->kernel_la = htonl(kernel_la);
678 hdr->kernel_ep = htonl(kernel_ep);
679 hdr->fw_length = htonl(layout->fw_max_len);
680 hdr->kernel_ofs = htonl(sizeof(struct fw_header));
681 hdr->kernel_len = htonl(kernel_len);
682 if (!combined) {
683 hdr->rootfs_ofs = htonl(rootfs_ofs);
684 hdr->rootfs_len = htonl(rootfs_info.file_size);
685 }
686
687 hdr->ver_hi = htons(fw_ver_hi);
688 hdr->ver_mid = htons(fw_ver_mid);
689 hdr->ver_lo = htons(fw_ver_lo);
690
691 get_md5(buf, len, hdr->md5sum1);
692 }
693
694 static int pad_jffs2(char *buf, int currlen)
695 {
696 int len;
697 uint32_t pad_mask;
698
699 len = currlen;
700 pad_mask = (64 * 1024);
701 while ((len < layout->fw_max_len) && (pad_mask != 0)) {
702 uint32_t mask;
703 int i;
704
705 for (i = 10; i < 32; i++) {
706 mask = 1 << i;
707 if (pad_mask & mask)
708 break;
709 }
710
711 len = ALIGN(len, mask);
712
713 for (i = 10; i < 32; i++) {
714 mask = 1 << i;
715 if ((len & (mask - 1)) == 0)
716 pad_mask &= ~mask;
717 }
718
719 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(jffs2_eof_mark); i++)
720 buf[len + i] = jffs2_eof_mark[i];
721
722 len += sizeof(jffs2_eof_mark);
723 }
724
725 return len;
726 }
727
728 static int write_fw(char *data, int len)
729 {
730 FILE *f;
731 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
732
733 f = fopen(ofname, "w");
734 if (f == NULL) {
735 ERRS("could not open \"%s\" for writing", ofname);
736 goto out;
737 }
738
739 errno = 0;
740 fwrite(data, len, 1, f);
741 if (errno) {
742 ERRS("unable to write output file");
743 goto out_flush;
744 }
745
746 DBG("firmware file \"%s\" completed", ofname);
747
748 ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
749
750 out_flush:
751 fflush(f);
752 fclose(f);
753 if (ret != EXIT_SUCCESS) {
754 unlink(ofname);
755 }
756 out:
757 return ret;
758 }
759
760 static int build_fw(void)
761 {
762 int buflen;
763 char *buf;
764 char *p;
765 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
766 int writelen = 0;
767
768 buflen = layout->fw_max_len;
769
770 buf = malloc(buflen);
771 if (!buf) {
772 ERR("no memory for buffer\n");
773 goto out;
774 }
775
776 memset(buf, 0xff, buflen);
777 p = buf + sizeof(struct fw_header);
778 ret = read_to_buf(&kernel_info, p);
779 if (ret)
780 goto out_free_buf;
781
782 writelen = sizeof(struct fw_header) + kernel_len;
783
784 if (!combined) {
785 if (rootfs_align)
786 p = buf + writelen;
787 else
788 p = buf + rootfs_ofs;
789
790 ret = read_to_buf(&rootfs_info, p);
791 if (ret)
792 goto out_free_buf;
793
794 if (rootfs_align)
795 writelen += rootfs_info.file_size;
796 else
797 writelen = rootfs_ofs + rootfs_info.file_size;
798
799 if (add_jffs2_eof)
800 writelen = pad_jffs2(buf, writelen);
801 }
802
803 if (!strip_padding)
804 writelen = buflen;
805
806 fill_header(buf, writelen);
807 ret = write_fw(buf, writelen);
808 if (ret)
809 goto out_free_buf;
810
811 ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
812
813 out_free_buf:
814 free(buf);
815 out:
816 return ret;
817 }
818
819 /* Helper functions to inspect_fw() representing different output formats */
820 static inline void inspect_fw_pstr(char *label, char *str)
821 {
822 printf("%-23s: %s\n", label, str);
823 }
824
825 static inline void inspect_fw_phex(char *label, uint32_t val)
826 {
827 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x\n", label, val);
828 }
829
830 static inline void inspect_fw_phexpost(char *label,
831 uint32_t val, char *post)
832 {
833 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x (%s)\n", label, val, post);
834 }
835
836 static inline void inspect_fw_phexdef(char *label,
837 uint32_t val, uint32_t defval)
838 {
839 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x ", label, val);
840
841 if (val == defval)
842 printf("(== OpenWrt default)\n");
843 else
844 printf("(OpenWrt default: 0x%08x)\n", defval);
845 }
846
847 static inline void inspect_fw_phexexp(char *label,
848 uint32_t val, uint32_t expval)
849 {
850 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x ", label, val);
851
852 if (val == expval)
853 printf("(ok)\n");
854 else
855 printf("(expected: 0x%08x)\n", expval);
856 }
857
858 static inline void inspect_fw_phexdec(char *label, uint32_t val)
859 {
860 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x / %8u bytes\n", label, val, val);
861 }
862
863 static inline void inspect_fw_phexdecdef(char *label,
864 uint32_t val, uint32_t defval)
865 {
866 printf("%-23s: 0x%08x / %8u bytes ", label, val, val);
867
868 if (val == defval)
869 printf("(== OpenWrt default)\n");
870 else
871 printf("(OpenWrt default: 0x%08x)\n", defval);
872 }
873
874 static inline void inspect_fw_pmd5sum(char *label, uint8_t *val, char *text)
875 {
876 int i;
877
878 printf("%-23s:", label);
879 for (i=0; i<MD5SUM_LEN; i++)
880 printf(" %02x", val[i]);
881 printf(" %s\n", text);
882 }
883
884 static int inspect_fw(void)
885 {
886 char *buf;
887 struct fw_header *hdr;
888 uint8_t md5sum[MD5SUM_LEN];
889 struct board_info *board;
890 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
891
892 buf = malloc(inspect_info.file_size);
893 if (!buf) {
894 ERR("no memory for buffer!\n");
895 goto out;
896 }
897
898 ret = read_to_buf(&inspect_info, buf);
899 if (ret)
900 goto out_free_buf;
901 hdr = (struct fw_header *)buf;
902
903 inspect_fw_pstr("File name", inspect_info.file_name);
904 inspect_fw_phexdec("File size", inspect_info.file_size);
905
906 if (ntohl(hdr->version) != HEADER_VERSION_V1) {
907 ERR("file does not seem to have V1 header!\n");
908 goto out_free_buf;
909 }
910
911 inspect_fw_phexdec("Version 1 Header size", sizeof(struct fw_header));
912
913 if (ntohl(hdr->unk1) != 0)
914 inspect_fw_phexdec("Unknown value 1", hdr->unk1);
915
916 memcpy(md5sum, hdr->md5sum1, sizeof(md5sum));
917 if (ntohl(hdr->boot_len) == 0)
918 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_normal, sizeof(md5sum));
919 else
920 memcpy(hdr->md5sum1, md5salt_boot, sizeof(md5sum));
921 get_md5(buf, inspect_info.file_size, hdr->md5sum1);
922
923 if (memcmp(md5sum, hdr->md5sum1, sizeof(md5sum))) {
924 inspect_fw_pmd5sum("Header MD5Sum1", md5sum, "(*ERROR*)");
925 inspect_fw_pmd5sum(" --> expected", hdr->md5sum1, "");
926 } else {
927 inspect_fw_pmd5sum("Header MD5Sum1", md5sum, "(ok)");
928 }
929 if (ntohl(hdr->unk2) != 0)
930 inspect_fw_phexdec("Unknown value 2", hdr->unk2);
931 inspect_fw_pmd5sum("Header MD5Sum2", hdr->md5sum2,
932 "(purpose yet unknown, unchecked here)");
933 if (ntohl(hdr->unk3) != 0)
934 inspect_fw_phexdec("Unknown value 3", hdr->unk3);
935
936 printf("\n");
937
938 inspect_fw_pstr("Vendor name", hdr->vendor_name);
939 inspect_fw_pstr("Firmware version", hdr->fw_version);
940 board = find_board_by_hwid(ntohl(hdr->hw_id));
941 if (board) {
942 layout = find_layout(board->layout_id);
943 inspect_fw_phexpost("Hardware ID",
944 ntohl(hdr->hw_id), board->id);
945 inspect_fw_phexexp("Hardware Revision",
946 ntohl(hdr->hw_rev), board->hw_rev);
947 } else {
948 inspect_fw_phexpost("Hardware ID",
949 ntohl(hdr->hw_id), "unknown");
950 inspect_fw_phex("Hardware Revision",
951 ntohl(hdr->hw_rev));
952 }
953
954 printf("\n");
955
956 inspect_fw_phexdec("Kernel data offset",
957 ntohl(hdr->kernel_ofs));
958 inspect_fw_phexdec("Kernel data length",
959 ntohl(hdr->kernel_len));
960 if (board) {
961 inspect_fw_phexdef("Kernel load address",
962 ntohl(hdr->kernel_la),
963 layout ? layout->kernel_la : 0xffffffff);
964 inspect_fw_phexdef("Kernel entry point",
965 ntohl(hdr->kernel_ep),
966 layout ? layout->kernel_ep : 0xffffffff);
967 inspect_fw_phexdecdef("Rootfs data offset",
968 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_ofs),
969 layout ? layout->rootfs_ofs : 0xffffffff);
970 } else {
971 inspect_fw_phex("Kernel load address",
972 ntohl(hdr->kernel_la));
973 inspect_fw_phex("Kernel entry point",
974 ntohl(hdr->kernel_ep));
975 inspect_fw_phexdec("Rootfs data offset",
976 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_ofs));
977 }
978 inspect_fw_phexdec("Rootfs data length",
979 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_len));
980 inspect_fw_phexdec("Boot loader data offset",
981 ntohl(hdr->boot_ofs));
982 inspect_fw_phexdec("Boot loader data length",
983 ntohl(hdr->boot_len));
984 inspect_fw_phexdec("Total firmware length",
985 ntohl(hdr->fw_length));
986
987 if (extract) {
988 FILE *fp;
989 char *filename;
990
991 printf("\n");
992
993 filename = malloc(strlen(inspect_info.file_name) + 8);
994 sprintf(filename, "%s-kernel", inspect_info.file_name);
995 printf("Extracting kernel to \"%s\"...\n", filename);
996 fp = fopen(filename, "w");
997 if (fp) {
998 if (!fwrite(buf + ntohl(hdr->kernel_ofs),
999 ntohl(hdr->kernel_len), 1, fp)) {
1000 ERR("error in fwrite(): %s", strerror(errno));
1001 }
1002 fclose(fp);
1003 } else {
1004 ERR("error in fopen(): %s", strerror(errno));
1005 }
1006 free(filename);
1007
1008 filename = malloc(strlen(inspect_info.file_name) + 8);
1009 sprintf(filename, "%s-rootfs", inspect_info.file_name);
1010 printf("Extracting rootfs to \"%s\"...\n", filename);
1011 fp = fopen(filename, "w");
1012 if (fp) {
1013 if (!fwrite(buf + ntohl(hdr->rootfs_ofs),
1014 ntohl(hdr->rootfs_len), 1, fp)) {
1015 ERR("error in fwrite(): %s", strerror(errno));
1016 }
1017 fclose(fp);
1018 } else {
1019 ERR("error in fopen(): %s", strerror(errno));
1020 }
1021 free(filename);
1022 }
1023
1024 out_free_buf:
1025 free(buf);
1026 out:
1027 return ret;
1028 }
1029
1030 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
1031 {
1032 int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
1033 int err;
1034
1035 FILE *outfile;
1036
1037 progname = basename(argv[0]);
1038
1039 while ( 1 ) {
1040 int c;
1041
1042 c = getopt(argc, argv, "a:B:H:E:F:L:V:N:W:ci:k:r:R:o:xX:hsjv:");
1043 if (c == -1)
1044 break;
1045
1046 switch (c) {
1047 case 'a':
1048 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &rootfs_align);
1049 break;
1050 case 'B':
1051 board_id = optarg;
1052 break;
1053 case 'H':
1054 opt_hw_id = optarg;
1055 break;
1056 case 'E':
1057 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &kernel_ep);
1058 break;
1059 case 'F':
1060 layout_id = optarg;
1061 break;
1062 case 'W':
1063 opt_hw_rev = optarg;
1064 break;
1065 case 'L':
1066 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &kernel_la);
1067 break;
1068 case 'V':
1069 version = optarg;
1070 break;
1071 case 'v':
1072 fw_ver = optarg;
1073 break;
1074 case 'N':
1075 vendor = optarg;
1076 break;
1077 case 'c':
1078 combined++;
1079 break;
1080 case 'k':
1081 kernel_info.file_name = optarg;
1082 break;
1083 case 'r':
1084 rootfs_info.file_name = optarg;
1085 break;
1086 case 'R':
1087 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &rootfs_ofs);
1088 break;
1089 case 'o':
1090 ofname = optarg;
1091 break;
1092 case 's':
1093 strip_padding = 1;
1094 break;
1095 case 'i':
1096 inspect_info.file_name = optarg;
1097 break;
1098 case 'j':
1099 add_jffs2_eof = 1;
1100 break;
1101 case 'x':
1102 extract = 1;
1103 break;
1104 case 'h':
1105 usage(EXIT_SUCCESS);
1106 break;
1107 case 'X':
1108 sscanf(optarg, "0x%x", &reserved_space);
1109 break;
1110 default:
1111 usage(EXIT_FAILURE);
1112 break;
1113 }
1114 }
1115
1116 ret = check_options();
1117 if (ret)
1118 goto out;
1119
1120 if (!inspect_info.file_name)
1121 ret = build_fw();
1122 else
1123 ret = inspect_fw();
1124
1125 out:
1126 return ret;
1127 }
1128