Add airlink firmware generation tool, thanks to Vassily Galinsky for that !
authorFlorian Fainelli <florian@openwrt.org>
Mon, 11 Dec 2006 17:49:05 +0000 (17:49 +0000)
committerFlorian Fainelli <florian@openwrt.org>
Mon, 11 Dec 2006 17:49:05 +0000 (17:49 +0000)
SVN-Revision: 5760

tools/firmware-utils/Makefile
tools/firmware-utils/src/airlink.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index e600e90..f42ea29 100644 (file)
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ define Build/Compile
        $(call cc,dgfirmware)
        $(call cc,trx2usr)
        $(call cc,ptgen)
+       $(call cc,airlink)
 endef
 
 define Build/Install
diff --git a/tools/firmware-utils/src/airlink.c b/tools/firmware-utils/src/airlink.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..748e84b
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,325 @@
+/*
+ * Thanks to Vassily Galinsky for this tool
+*****************************************************************************
+AIRLINK AR525W firmware image structure
+  -8:-5  Extended (httpd) header checksum  -       sum2
+  -4:-1  Extended (httpd) header magic     -       "ARRN" - 0x4e525241
+   0: 3  Standard (tftpd) header magic     -       "GMTK" - 0x4b544d47
+   4: 7  Standard (tftpd) header checksum  -       sum1
+   8: b  0
+   c: f  Size of compressed linux kernel
+  10:13  Size of firmware image file with standard header
+  14:17  Product code                      -       0x5
+  18:1b  Bootloader checksum               -       sum0
+  1c:1f  0
+  20:    Compressed linux kernel
+  -      Squashfs or jffs2 file system - kernel dependent - either 32 bytes or sector aligned 
+*****************************************************************************/
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+
+typedef unsigned long u32;
+typedef unsigned char uchar;
+
+u32 crctab[257] = {
+       0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xee0e612c, 0x990951ba,
+       0x076dc419, 0x706af48f, 0xe963a535, 0x9e6495a3,
+       0x0edb8832, 0x79dcb8a4, 0xe0d5e91e, 0x97d2d988,
+       0x09b64c2b, 0x7eb17cbd, 0xe7b82d07, 0x90bf1d91,
+       0x1db71064, 0x6ab020f2, 0xf3b97148, 0x84be41de,
+       0x1adad47d, 0x6ddde4eb, 0xf4d4b551, 0x83d385c7,
+       0x136c9856, 0x646ba8c0, 0xfd62f97a, 0x8a65c9ec,
+       0x14015c4f, 0x63066cd9, 0xfa0f3d63, 0x8d080df5,
+       0x3b6e20c8, 0x4c69105e, 0xd56041e4, 0xa2677172,
+       0x3c03e4d1, 0x4b04d447, 0xd20d85fd, 0xa50ab56b,
+       0x35b5a8fa, 0x42b2986c, 0xdbbbc9d6, 0xacbcf940,
+       0x32d86ce3, 0x45df5c75, 0xdcd60dcf, 0xabd13d59,
+       0x26d930ac, 0x51de003a, 0xc8d75180, 0xbfd06116,
+       0x21b4f4b5, 0x56b3c423, 0xcfba9599, 0xb8bda50f,
+       0x2802b89e, 0x5f058808, 0xc60cd9b2, 0xb10be924,
+       0x2f6f7c87, 0x58684c11, 0xc1611dab, 0xb6662d3d,
+       0x76dc4190, 0x01db7106, 0x98d220bc, 0xefd5102a,
+       0x71b18589, 0x06b6b51f, 0x9fbfe4a5, 0xe8b8d433,
+       0x7807c9a2, 0x0f00f934, 0x9609a88e, 0xe10e9818,
+       0x7f6a0dbb, 0x086d3d2d, 0x91646c97, 0xe6635c01,
+       0x6b6b51f4, 0x1c6c6162, 0x856530d8, 0xf262004e,
+       0x6c0695ed, 0x1b01a57b, 0x8208f4c1, 0xf50fc457,
+       0x65b0d9c6, 0x12b7e950, 0x8bbeb8ea, 0xfcb9887c,
+       0x62dd1ddf, 0x15da2d49, 0x8cd37cf3, 0xfbd44c65,
+       0x4db26158, 0x3ab551ce, 0xa3bc0074, 0xd4bb30e2,
+       0x4adfa541, 0x3dd895d7, 0xa4d1c46d, 0xd3d6f4fb,
+       0x4369e96a, 0x346ed9fc, 0xad678846, 0xda60b8d0,
+       0x44042d73, 0x33031de5, 0xaa0a4c5f, 0xdd0d7cc9,
+       0x5005713c, 0x270241aa, 0xbe0b1010, 0xc90c2086,
+       0x5768b525, 0x206f85b3, 0xb966d409, 0xce61e49f,
+       0x5edef90e, 0x29d9c998, 0xb0d09822, 0xc7d7a8b4,
+       0x59b33d17, 0x2eb40d81, 0xb7bd5c3b, 0xc0ba6cad,
+       0xedb88320, 0x9abfb3b6, 0x03b6e20c, 0x74b1d29a,
+       0xead54739, 0x9dd277af, 0x04db2615, 0x73dc1683,
+       0xe3630b12, 0x94643b84, 0x0d6d6a3e, 0x7a6a5aa8,
+       0xe40ecf0b, 0x9309ff9d, 0x0a00ae27, 0x7d079eb1,
+       0xf00f9344, 0x8708a3d2, 0x1e01f268, 0x6906c2fe,
+       0xf762575d, 0x806567cb, 0x196c3671, 0x6e6b06e7,
+       0xfed41b76, 0x89d32be0, 0x10da7a5a, 0x67dd4acc,
+       0xf9b9df6f, 0x8ebeeff9, 0x17b7be43, 0x60b08ed5,
+       0xd6d6a3e8, 0xa1d1937e, 0x38d8c2c4, 0x4fdff252,
+       0xd1bb67f1, 0xa6bc5767, 0x3fb506dd, 0x48b2364b,
+       0xd80d2bda, 0xaf0a1b4c, 0x36034af6, 0x41047a60,
+       0xdf60efc3, 0xa867df55, 0x316e8eef, 0x4669be79,
+       0xcb61b38c, 0xbc66831a, 0x256fd2a0, 0x5268e236,
+       0xcc0c7795, 0xbb0b4703, 0x220216b9, 0x5505262f,
+       0xc5ba3bbe, 0xb2bd0b28, 0x2bb45a92, 0x5cb36a04,
+       0xc2d7ffa7, 0xb5d0cf31, 0x2cd99e8b, 0x5bdeae1d,
+       0x9b64c2b0, 0xec63f226, 0x756aa39c, 0x026d930a,
+       0x9c0906a9, 0xeb0e363f, 0x72076785, 0x05005713,
+       0x95bf4a82, 0xe2b87a14, 0x7bb12bae, 0x0cb61b38,
+       0x92d28e9b, 0xe5d5be0d, 0x7cdcefb7, 0x0bdbdf21,
+       0x86d3d2d4, 0xf1d4e242, 0x68ddb3f8, 0x1fda836e,
+       0x81be16cd, 0xf6b9265b, 0x6fb077e1, 0x18b74777,
+       0x88085ae6, 0xff0f6a70, 0x66063bca, 0x11010b5c,
+       0x8f659eff, 0xf862ae69, 0x616bffd3, 0x166ccf45,
+       0xa00ae278, 0xd70dd2ee, 0x4e048354, 0x3903b3c2,
+       0xa7672661, 0xd06016f7, 0x4969474d, 0x3e6e77db,
+       0xaed16a4a, 0xd9d65adc, 0x40df0b66, 0x37d83bf0,
+       0xa9bcae53, 0xdebb9ec5, 0x47b2cf7f, 0x30b5ffe9,
+       0xbdbdf21c, 0xcabac28a, 0x53b39330, 0x24b4a3a6,
+       0xbad03605, 0xcdd70693, 0x54de5729, 0x23d967bf,
+       0xb3667a2e, 0xc4614ab8, 0x5d681b02, 0x2a6f2b94,
+       0xb40bbe37, 0xc30c8ea1, 0x5a05df1b, 0x2d02ef8d,
+       0
+};
+
+u32 header[] = {
+       0x00000000, 0x4e525241,
+       0x4b544d47, 0x00000000, 0x00000000, 0x000afd4a,
+       0x00000000, 0x00000005, 0x00000000, 0x00000000
+};
+
+static int JFFS2 = 0;
+
+int generate_image(char *kname, char *fsname, char *fname, int EHDR)
+{
+       int i;
+       u32 lenk, lens;
+       uchar *bk, *bs;
+       int fkd, ffd, fsd;
+       int pad = 0x1f;
+       fkd = open(kname, O_RDONLY);
+       ffd = creat(fname, 0x644);
+       if ((fkd < 0) || (ffd < 0))
+               return -1;
+       if (fsname) {
+               fsd = open(fsname, O_RDONLY);
+               if (fsd < 0)
+                       return -1;
+       }
+       lenk = lseek(fkd, 0, SEEK_END);
+       header[5] = lenk;
+       bk = (uchar *) mmap(NULL, lenk, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fkd, 0);
+       if (bk == MAP_FAILED)
+               return -1;
+       if (fsname) {
+               lens = lseek(fsd, 0, SEEK_END);
+               bs = (uchar *) mmap(NULL, lens, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fsd,
+                                   0);
+               if (bs == MAP_FAILED)
+                       return -1;
+       }
+       if (EHDR)
+               write(ffd, header, 0x28);
+       else
+               write(ffd, header + 2, 0x20);
+       write(ffd, bk, lenk);
+       if (fsname && JFFS2)
+               pad = 0xffff;
+       printf("Padding header+kernel - 0x%x +  0x%x = 0x%x\n",
+              lenk + 0x20, ((lenk + 0x20) | pad) + 1 - lenk - 0x20,
+              ((lenk + 0x20) | pad) + 1);
+       for (i = 0; i < ((lenk + 0x20) | pad) + 1 - lenk - 0x20; i++)
+               write(ffd, header, 1);
+       if (fsname) {
+               write(ffd, bs, lens);
+               close(fsd);
+       }
+       close(ffd);
+       close(fkd);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+u32 crc32(uchar * buf, u32 len)
+{
+       register int i;
+       u32 sum;
+       register u32 s0;
+       s0 = ~0;
+       for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+               s0 = (s0 >> 8) ^ crctab[(uchar) (s0 & 0xFF) ^ buf[i]];
+       }
+       sum = ~s0;
+       return sum;
+}
+
+void usage(char *prog)
+{
+       printf("Usage: %s [-b 0/1] image_filename \n", prog);
+       printf("       update checksums for firmware file\n");
+       printf
+           ("Usage: %s [-b 0/1] [-j] [-e] kernel filesystem image_filename \n",
+            prog);
+       printf("       generate firmware file and update checksums\n");
+       printf("--------------------------------------------------\n");
+       printf("       -e - generate header for web upload\n");
+       printf("       -j - generate header for jffs2 filesystem\n");
+       printf("       -b 0/1 - clear/update bootloader checksum\n");
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+       uchar b[0x400];
+       char EHDR = 0;
+       char BHDR = 0;
+       int c, fd;
+       extern char *optarg;
+       extern int optind, optopt;
+
+       while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "b:e:j")) != -1) {
+               switch (c) {
+               case 'b':
+                       if (optarg[0] == '1')
+                               BHDR = 1;
+                       break;
+               case 'e':
+                       EHDR = 1;
+                       break;
+               case 'j':
+                       JFFS2 = 1;
+                       break;
+               case '?':
+                       fprintf(stderr, "\nError: unknown arg %c\n\n\n",
+                               optopt);
+                       usage(argv[0]);
+                       exit(-1);
+               }
+       }
+       if (((argc - optind) < 1) && ((argc - optind) > 3)) {
+               usage(argv[0]);
+               exit(-1);
+       }
+       if ((argc - optind) == 3)
+               if (generate_image
+                   (argv[optind], argv[optind + 1], argv[optind + 2],
+                    EHDR)) {
+                       fprintf(stderr,
+                               "\nError generating image file %s\n\n\n",
+                               argv[argc - 1]);
+                       usage(argv[0]);
+                       exit(-1);
+               }
+       if ((argc - optind) == 2)
+               if (generate_image
+                   (argv[optind], NULL, argv[optind + 1], EHDR)) {
+                       fprintf(stderr,
+                               "\nError generating image file %s\n\n\n",
+                               argv[argc - 1]);
+                       usage(argv[0]);
+                       exit(-1);
+               }
+
+       fd = open(argv[argc - 1], O_RDWR);
+       if (fd < 0) {
+               fprintf(stderr, "\nImage file not found %s\n\n\n",
+                       argv[argc - 1]);
+               usage(argv[0]);
+               exit(-1);
+       }
+       long i, len = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END);
+       lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
+       uchar *buf = malloc(len);
+       read(fd, buf, len);
+       u32 sum, l0;
+       u32 MagicS = 0x4b544d47;
+       u32 MagicE = 0x4e525241;
+       if (*((u32 *) buf) == MagicS) {
+               fprintf(stderr,
+                       "Image without extra 8 bytes - Standard header\n");
+               *((u32 *) (buf + 0x10)) = len;
+               lseek(fd, 0x10, SEEK_SET);
+               write(fd, buf + 0x10, 0x4);
+               EHDR = 0;
+       } else if ((*((u32 *) (buf + 0x8)) == MagicS)
+                  && ((*((u32 *) (buf + 0x4)) == MagicE))) {
+               fprintf(stderr,
+                       "Image with extra 8 bytes - Extended header\n");
+               *((u32 *) (buf + 0x18)) = len - 8;
+               lseek(fd, 0x18, SEEK_SET);
+               write(fd, buf + 0x18, 0x4);
+               buf += 8;
+               EHDR = 1;
+       } else if (len == *((u32 *) (buf + 0x10))) {
+               fprintf(stderr,
+                       "Image without extra 8 bytes - Standard header\n");
+               EHDR = 0;
+       } else if (len == *((u32 *) (buf + 0x18)) + 8) {
+               fprintf(stderr,
+                       "Image with extra 8 bytes - Extended header\n");
+               buf += 8;
+               EHDR = 1;
+       } else {
+               fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: Wrong image size\n");
+               exit(-1);
+       }
+       l0 = *((u32 *) & buf[0x10]);
+       if (!BHDR)
+               *((u32 *) & buf[0x18]) = 0;
+       ulong sum0 = *((u32 *) & buf[0x18]);
+       ulong sum1 = *((u32 *) & buf[0x4]);
+       *((u32 *) & buf[0x4]) = 0x0L;
+       for (i = 0; i < 0x100; i++)
+               b[i] = buf[i];
+       for (i = 0; i < 0x100; i++)
+               b[0x100 + i] = buf[(l0 >> 1) + i];
+       for (i = 0; i < 0x200; i++)
+               b[0x200 + i] = buf[l0 - 0x200 + i];
+       *((u32 *) & b[0x18]) = 0x0L;
+
+       sum = crc32(b, 0x400);
+       printf("CRC32 sum0 - (%x, %x, %x)\n", sum, sum0, 0x400);
+       if (EHDR)
+               lseek(fd, 0x20, SEEK_SET);
+       else
+               lseek(fd, 0x18, SEEK_SET);
+       if (BHDR)
+               *((u32 *) & buf[0x18]) = sum;
+       else
+               *((u32 *) & buf[0x18]) = sum0;
+       write(fd, &buf[0x18], 0x4);
+
+       sum = crc32(buf, l0);
+       printf("CRC32 sum1 - (%x, %x, %x)\n", sum, sum1, l0);
+       if (EHDR)
+               lseek(fd, 0xC, SEEK_SET);
+       else
+               lseek(fd, 0x4, SEEK_SET);
+       *((u32 *) & buf[0x4]) = sum;
+       write(fd, &buf[0x4], 0x4);
+       if (EHDR) {
+               ulong sum2 = *((u32 *) & buf[-0x8]);
+               *((u32 *) & buf[-0x8]) = 0L;
+               sum = crc32(buf - 0x4, len - 0x4);
+               sum = htonl(sum);
+               printf("CRC32 sum2 - (%x, %x, %x)\n", sum, sum2,
+                      len - 0x4);
+               lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
+               *((u32 *) & buf[-0x8]) = sum;
+               write(fd, &buf[-0x8], 0x4);
+               buf -= 8;
+       }
+       close(fd);
+       free(buf);
+       return 0;
+}