tplink-safeloader: add support to convert factory into sysupgrade
authorAlexander Couzens <lynxis@fe80.eu>
Thu, 1 Mar 2018 23:44:31 +0000 (00:44 +0100)
committerAlexander Couzens <lynxis@fe80.eu>
Thu, 15 Mar 2018 16:52:23 +0000 (17:52 +0100)
Those converted factory images can be used to regain the original
tp-link firmware.
Be aware of firmware upgrade which additional require changes of
other partition than os-image (kernel) & file-system (rootfs).
OEM factory images from tplink can change nearly all partitions.
However using those images, OpenWrt's sysupgrade will only
modify the partitions os-image and file-system.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Couzens <lynxis@fe80.eu>
tools/firmware-utils/src/tplink-safeloader.c

index 0a11287..fab6f05 100644 (file)
@@ -1392,7 +1392,8 @@ static void usage(const char *argv0) {
                "  -S              create sysupgrade instead of factory image\n"
                "Extract an old image:\n"
                "  -x <file>       extract all oem firmware partition\n"
-               "  -d <dir>        destination to extract the firmware partition\n",
+               "  -d <dir>        destination to extract the firmware partition\n"
+               "  -z <file>       convert an oem firmware into a sysupgade file. Use -o for output file\n",
                argv0
        );
 };
@@ -1632,9 +1633,100 @@ static int extract_firmware(const char *input, const char *output_directory)
        return 0;
 }
 
+static struct flash_partition_entry *find_partition(
+               struct flash_partition_entry *entries, size_t max_entries,
+               const char *name, const char *error_msg)
+{
+       for (int i=0; i<max_entries; i++, entries++) {
+               if (strcmp(entries->name, name) == 0)
+                       return entries;
+       }
+
+       error(1, 0, "%s", error_msg);
+       return NULL;
+}
+
+static void write_ff(FILE *output_file, size_t size)
+{
+       char buf[4096];
+       int offset;
+
+       memset(buf, 0xff, sizeof(buf));
+
+       for (offset = 0; offset + sizeof(buf) < size ; offset += sizeof(buf)) {
+               if (fwrite(buf, sizeof(buf), 1, output_file) < 0)
+                       error(1, errno, "Can not write 0xff to output_file");
+       }
+
+       /* write last chunk smaller than buffer */
+       if (offset < size) {
+               offset = size - offset;
+               if (fwrite(buf, offset, 1, output_file) < 0)
+                       error(1, errno, "Can not write partition to output_file");
+       }
+}
+
+static void convert_firmware(const char *input, const char *output)
+{
+       struct flash_partition_entry fwup[MAX_PARTITIONS] = { 0 };
+       struct flash_partition_entry flash[MAX_PARTITIONS] = { 0 };
+       struct flash_partition_entry *fwup_os_image = NULL, *fwup_file_system = NULL;
+       struct flash_partition_entry *flash_os_image = NULL, *flash_file_system = NULL;
+       struct flash_partition_entry *fwup_partition_table = NULL;
+       size_t firmware_offset = 0x1014;
+       FILE *input_file, *output_file;
+
+       struct stat statbuf;
+
+       /* check input file */
+       if (stat(input, &statbuf)) {
+               error(1, errno, "Can not read input firmware %s", input);
+       }
+
+       input_file = fopen(input, "rb");
+       if (!input_file)
+               error(1, 0, "Can not open input firmware %s", input);
+
+       output_file = fopen(output, "wb");
+       if (!output_file)
+               error(1, 0, "Can not open output firmware %s", output);
+
+       if (read_partition_table(input_file, firmware_offset, fwup, MAX_PARTITIONS, 0) != 0) {
+               error(1, 0, "Error can not read the partition table (fwup-ptn)");
+       }
+
+       fwup_os_image = find_partition(fwup, MAX_PARTITIONS,
+                       "os-image", "Error can not find os-image partition (fwup)");
+       fwup_file_system = find_partition(fwup, MAX_PARTITIONS,
+                       "file-system", "Error can not find file-system partition (fwup)");
+       fwup_partition_table = find_partition(fwup, MAX_PARTITIONS,
+                       "partition-table", "Error can not find partition-table partition");
+
+       /* the flash partition table has a 0x00000004 magic haeder */
+       if (read_partition_table(input_file, firmware_offset + fwup_partition_table->base + 4, flash, MAX_PARTITIONS, 1) != 0)
+               error(1, 0, "Error can not read the partition table (flash)");
+
+       flash_os_image = find_partition(flash, MAX_PARTITIONS,
+                       "os-image", "Error can not find os-image partition (flash)");
+       flash_file_system = find_partition(flash, MAX_PARTITIONS,
+                       "file-system", "Error can not find file-system partition (flash)");
+
+       /* write os_image to 0x0 */
+       write_partition(input_file, firmware_offset, fwup_os_image, output_file);
+       write_ff(output_file, flash_os_image->size - fwup_os_image->size);
+
+       /* write file-system behind os_image */
+       fseek(output_file, flash_file_system->base - flash_os_image->base, SEEK_SET);
+       write_partition(input_file, firmware_offset, fwup_file_system, output_file);
+       write_ff(output_file, flash_file_system->size - fwup_file_system->size);
+
+       fclose(output_file);
+       fclose(input_file);
+}
+
 int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
        const char *board = NULL, *kernel_image = NULL, *rootfs_image = NULL, *output = NULL;
-       const char *extract_image = NULL, *output_directory = NULL;
+       const char *extract_image = NULL, *output_directory = NULL, *convert_image = NULL;
        bool add_jffs2_eof = false, sysupgrade = false;
        unsigned rev = 0;
        const struct device_info *info;
@@ -1643,7 +1735,7 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
        while (true) {
                int c;
 
-               c = getopt(argc, argv, "B:k:r:o:V:jSh:x:d:");
+               c = getopt(argc, argv, "B:k:r:o:V:jSh:x:d:z:");
                if (c == -1)
                        break;
 
@@ -1688,6 +1780,10 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
                        extract_image = optarg;
                        break;
 
+               case 'z':
+                       convert_image = optarg;
+                       break;
+
                default:
                        usage(argv[0]);
                        return 1;
@@ -1700,6 +1796,10 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
                if (!output_directory)
                        error(1, 0, "Can not extract an image without output directory. Use -d <dir>");
                extract_firmware(extract_image, output_directory);
+       } else if (convert_image) {
+               if (!output)
+                       error(1, 0, "Can not convert a factory/oem image into sysupgrade image without output file. Use -o <file>");
+               convert_firmware(convert_image, output);
        } else {
                if (!board)
                        error(1, 0, "no board has been specified");